WATCH: Donald Trump and “The Snake”
When he took the stage at campaign rallies across the country, presidential hopeful Donald Trump often had a piece of paper in his pocket, ready to go if the moment seemed right.
On it was printed something unlikely: the lyrics to a song written in the 1960s by civil rights activist Oscar Brown Jr. Based on a fable, “The Snake” tells the story of a kind woman who takes an injured snake into her home to nurse him back to health — only to be shocked when she is fatally bitten.
In Trump’s hands, however, Brown’s words were imbued with a new and specific meaning.
As the opening scene from the FRONTLINE documentary Zero Tolerance explores, Trump recast the lyrics as an anti-immigration allegory — equating people seeking to enter America with killer snakes who would inevitably cause harm to those who welcomed them. Trump built to a crescendo around the song’s last lines, an exchange between the dying woman and the snake:
“I saved you, I saved you, I saved you,” cried that woman.
“And you’ve bit me, heavens why?
You know your bite is poisonous and now I’m going to die.”
“Oh shut up, silly woman,” said the reptile with a grin.
“You knew damn well I was a snake before you took me in.”
Trump’s embrace of that comparison kicks off Zero Tolerance, a FRONTLINE documentary that investigates how the president turned anti-immigration fervor into a powerful political weapon. The film’s opening moments depict Trump’s use of “The Snake” in such a way that it’s never before been seen — juxtaposing the then-candidate’s reading with stark images of men, women and children struggling to reach the U.S.-Mexico border.
As the documentary explores, Trump’s comparison of immigrants to killer snakes was just the beginning. He would go on to make opposition to immigration the signature policy of his presidency, using virulent anti-immigration sentiment to animate his supporters and fuel a political movement. He continued to recite the lyrics to “The Snake” at several public events as president.
“He tapped into something in a very profound way that began to redefine the debate in the political year of 2016 and continues to redefine the politics of the country today,” Dan Balz of The Washington Post tells FRONTLINE in the above clip.
Trump didn’t do it alone. The documentary, from veteran FRONTLINE filmmaker Michael Kirk and his team, tells the inside story of how an improbable group of outsiders — Stephen Miller, Jeff Sessions and Steve Bannon — became the driving force behind Trump’s most controversial initiatives, as part of a grand anti-immigration strategy they would call Zero Tolerance.
Miller is the only one still left in the Trump administration, but the film shows how the trio’s years of planning around immigration are still shaping decisions. Zero Tolerance is a must-watch look at how America’s immigration policies — and the rhetoric surrounding them — reached this moment.
Stream the full documentary here:
Zero Tolerance premiered on PBS stations Tuesday, Oct. 22, 2019. It is now streaming at PBS.org/frontline and on the PBS Video App. You can also explore thirty-eight extended interviews from the making of the documentary, published as part of the FRONTLINE Transparency Project.
This story has been updated.