The Science of BSE |
Other Recent Food-Related Disease Outbreaks |
Food Safety Issues and Regulations |
Emerging Diseases |
On Scientific Revolutions |
Unexpected Ideas About Animal Disease and Human Health
The Science of BSE
"Mad Cows", Englishmen And The Prion Hypothesis
A professional introduction to the current BSE situation, with a list of
excellent, dependable, and substantive links for further information. This
page, and others on the same site, are maintained by ProMED—a project of the
Federation of American Scientists to promote the establishment of a global
Program for Monitoring Emerging Diseases.
Animals Dead from Bovine Spongiform Encephalitis
This page, from the NZ Veterinary Correspondent of July 2, 1996, contains, as
its name suggests, original reports by veterinarians of various animal species
that appear to have succumbed to BSE or similar diseases.
Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy
This site, subtitled "INformATION CONCERNING BSE For the Scientific World" is
authored by Steve Dealler, from The Pathology Laboratory, Burnley General
Hospital UK. It is an exhaustive and intriguing list of information from a wide
range of sources, much of which the author has tried to present in a style
comprehensible to the educated lay person. In a welcome fashion, the site
distinguishes and lists separately information the author considers solid
(data, scientific publications, etc.) from "Gossip" which he includes for
completeness with the warning that "This is information that has not reached
the scientific press and should not be quoted as certain..."
This is the extensive, table-of-contents-style guide maintained by the British
Medical Journal, with the intent of providing references to the reliable and
substantive information concerning BSE currently posted on the Web.
BSE Documents from the FDA Center for Veterinary Medicine
Here it is, straight from the horse's mouth: the American Food and Drug
Administration's official ruling about BSE and animal feed. This site is worth
checking out if you would like to know more about the FDA's Center for
Veterinary Medicine (CVM), which regulates the manufacture and distribution of
drugs and feed additives intended for animals. These include animals from which
human foods are derived, as well as drugs and feed additives for pet (or
BSE—Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy page from the University of Illinois
This is a concise summary of current information, with extensive links to
other, more detailed sources on the web.
Bugs in the News—"What the heck is Mad Cow Disease"
As the title implies, this site makes an effort to take frontline science and
present it in a form that will be accessible to the educated layperson.
Maintained and regularly updated by John C. Brown at the University of Kansas.
It is comprehensive, informative, and well-written.
French scientists see mad cow-CJD link in monkeys
This collection of scientific articles and summaries would be a good jumping
off point for those interested in getting closer to the science of BSE,
new-variant Creutzfeld-Jacob Disease (nvCJD), and prion biology. One of the
articles listed on this page even lists the complete DNA sequences for the
macaque and marmoset prion protein genes!
Institute of Food Science & Technology page on Bovine Spongiform
Maintained by the IFST in London, this regularly updated set of pages contains
the recent scientific summaries concerning all aspects of BSE, nvCJD, and prion
Koch's Postulates: The Ground Rules of Proving Whether An Agent Causes a
This Mad-Cow related page, is part of a larger educationally-oriented site
called "The Why Files," which presents the science behind the news related to
issues across many fields of science. The site, maintained by the National
Institute for Science Education, and housed at the University of Wisconsin,
reflects the partnership between the University of Wisconsin-Madison and the
National Center for Improving Science Education, Washington, DC, with funding
from the National Science Foundation. This site is highly recommended.
More than happenstance: Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease in farmers and young
As the title suggests, this is a scholarly look at the relationship between BSE
and nvCJD's. It is also part of the British Medical Journal's site.
New and Emerging Plant Diseases Project
Have you been thinking that new and emerging diseases affect only humans, and
other animals? Unfortunately, that is not the case, as is made abundantly clear
on this site, compiled and maintained by the Department of Plant Pathology and
the Plant Disease and Insect Clinic of North Carolina State University. The
site is comprehensive, fascinating, and troubling.
Oprah Winfrey: Mad Cow Disease (Earth Island Journal)
Heard about the Oprah Winfrey/Mad Cow fracas and want to go back to the source?
If you didn't see or tape the show, here's an edited transcript of the
BSE-related portion of the April 16 Oprah Winfrey program. NB: The authors of
this page express certain personal opinions about the comments made in the
transcript. This link is listed here to enable you to see just what transpired
on the program in question, not because the author of THIS page, WGBH, or PBS
agree with Earth Island Journal's stand on the issue.
The Prion Diseases
This Scientific American article, written by Prusiner himself, summarizes the
research that earned the author a Nobel Prize. Highly recommended.
The Virtual Hospital: Infectious Diseases of the Central Nervous System :
Parenchymal Infections: Prions
This high-powered medical site, authored by Gary Baumbach, M.D., Department of
Pathology, University of Iowa College of Medicine, contains the medical history
and diagnostic characteristics of what are currently referred to as "Prion
Diseases." The site, designed for serious students of biology and medicine,
includes text and downloadable medical graphics including anatomical images and
prepared slides showing the damage caused by these diseases in nervous system
Other Recent Food-Related Disease Outbreaks
Bumper Crop of Illnesses Traced to FDA-Regulated Foods, Like Fruit Juice,
Lettuce and Shellfish
The title of this page (and its subtitle: Consumer Organizations Call on
Clinton to Form New Food Agency) clearly expresses the views of the consumer
advocacy groups that authored this site: the well-known Center for Science in
the Public Interest, in Washington, and an organization known as S.T.O.P. (Safe
Tables Our Priority) in Oceanside, CA.
Food Safety Issues and Regulations
FDA Veterinarian July/August 1997
Here you'll find news and information from the FDA concerning animal health
issues, including BSE.
Kashrut: Jewish Dietary Laws
This link will take you directly to the heart of a page on Old Testament
dietary laws dealing directly with which animals may and may not be eaten.
This site provides information on foodborne illness, food safety tips, and many
USDA Food Safety and Inspection Service
This site features consumer-oriented food safety news and publications.
Learn about the national food safety initiative and explore tons of food safety
Ahead: Animal Health/Emerging Animal Diseases
This is the home page of the Animal Health/Emerging Animal Diseases project of
the Federation of American Scientists (a component of the larger ProMED
initiative referenced elsewhere on this site). AHEAD is particularly concerned
with environmental factors in animal disease and species reproduction, the
emergence of new herpes viruses and morbilliviruses, and the cross-species
transmission of disease pathogens.
Animal Diseases of Public Health Importance
This special issue of the online version of the Journal "Emerging Infectious
Diseases" was authored by Gregory D. Orriss, of the Food and Agriculture
Organization of the United Nations. It concentrates on the importance of
emerging food borne diseases from the perspectives of the consumer,
international trade in food, producers and processors, and developing countries
and addresses prevention and control measures. Fascinating and educational.
Emerging and other Communicable Diseases (EMC)
Feeling confident about the omnipotence of modern medicine? Wondering what you
might find on your next vacation abroad? Check out this listing of disease
outbreak reports managed by the World Health Organization in Geneva.
On Scientific Revolutions
The Structure of Scientific Revolutions by Thomas S. Kuhn
This detailed annotated outline was prepared and posted by Prof. Frank Pajares,
assistant professor of educational psychology at Emory University. This is a
fascinating introduction to Kuhn's revolutionary work on the nature of
Here is another page authored by Frank Pajares, this one offers a biographical
and philosophical snapshot of Thomas Kuhn. It makes for fascinating reading.
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