He is the author of We Wish To Inform You That Tomorrow We Will Be Killed
With Our Families, an in-depth account of the Rwanda genocide. He is a
staff writer for The New Yorker and a contributing editor to the
Forward. In the aftermath of the genocide he spent over nine months in
Rwanda trying to understand how this extraordinary crime came to pass, how
it was organized, how the Western powers stood by and watched it happen,
and how Rwandans are living with its legacy.
He is Chief of Staff to the U.N. Secretary General, Kofi Annan. During the
events in Rwanda, he was deputy to Annan, who was then head of U.N.
peacekeeping. In this interview Riza responds to charges that high-level U.N.
officials knew in advance of the possibility that mass killings would occur. He
also discusses the constraints facing U.N. forces in Rwanda and how the failed
U.N./U.S. peacekeeping mission in Somalia a few months earlier profoundly
influenced the West's response to the Rwandan genocide.
He was the Deputy Assistant Secretary for African Affairs at the Department of Defense from
1986-1994. In the spring of 1993, Woods identified Rwanda as a potential
crisis, but was told to remove it from the list because it wasn't an important
area. During the genocide, he was involved in congressional hearings on Rwanda.
In this interview he discusses how and why the West avoided getting involved
in trying to halt the genocide.
He was a Political Military Advisor for the U.S. State Department from 1992-95.
He participated in several U.S. inter-agency conferences on the Rwanda crisis.
In this interview he discusses what went on in those meetings.
He was second-in-command for U.N. Assistance Mission in Rwanda (UNAMIR) under
General Dallaire. In this interview he talks about meeting an informant who
outlined Hutu plans for mass killings. Marchal also explains why U.N. forces were
unable to save the life of a Rwanda political leader and what are the lessons