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what are the risks resulting from the internet's vulnerabilities?

Dangers  Confronting Computer Users, Corporations and Governmentsarrow
As outlined by five security experts and two hackers: Richard Power, an authority on computer crime and information security; Bruce Schneier, a cryptography and computer security expert; Kirk Bailey, Mgr. of Information Security, Frank Russell Company; Chris Davis, a security consultant and ex-hacker; Robert Giovagnoni of iDEFENSE; and Reid and Count Zero, members of the Cult of the Dead Cow hacker organization.
The Financial Costs of Computer Crimearrow
Although research firms and the FBI cite huge damage costs from cybercrime, some experts maintain the true costs are difficult to measure. FRONTLINE spoke with security analysts Richard Power, Editorial Dir. of the Computer Security Institute; James Adams, CEO of iDEFENSE; and Howard Schmidt, Microsoft's Chief of Information Security.
An Overview of the National Security Threatarrow
As presented in excerpts from FRONTLINE's interviews with security analysts James Christy, computer crime investigator for the U.S. Dept. of Defense; Martha Stansell-Gamm, chief of the U.S. Justice Dept's Computer Crime section; James Adams, CEO of iDEFENSE; and Michael Vatis, former Ass't Deputy Dir. of the FBI National Security Division
Computer Attacks at Department of Defense  Pose  Increasing Risksarrow
This 1996 study by the U.S. General Accounting Office estimated the Dept. of Defense's computer systems had been attacked 250,000 times in 1995 and potential future attacks could "pose serious risks to national security." Here's an excerpt describing some of the detected attacks, including the infiltration of Rome Laboratory, the Air Force's premier command and control research facility. A 1999 follow-up study concluded the "DOD has made limited progress in correcting the general control weaknesses we reported in 1996. As a result, these weaknesses persist across every area of general controls."
computer crime & security surveyarrow
In 2000, the FBI's San Francisco Computer Crime Squad and the Computer Security Institute surveyed information security professionals employed at corporations, financial institutions, government agencies and universities. The survey revealed the type of security attacks encountered, what actions the security people took when they learned of the crime, and why they sometimes chose not to report the attack.
hacked by a corporation?arrow
Cookies have become standard practice on the internet. Not only are they used by your favorite sites to provide you with a "personalized" experience, they're also used by marketers and advertising companies. Once you give companies access to write a cookie on your computer (this results from the 'cookie preferences' set up you've selected on your browser) then what? Is it harmless? How far can it go? Kevin Callahan, president and CEO of Seattle security firm Quavera, helps demystify cookies, web bugs, and other methods corporations use to keep track of you--and suggests steps you can take to stop or reduce this tracking.

cyberterrorism links
Cyberspace Seen as Potential Battlegroundarrow
Government officials warn that there may be reprisals in cyberspace for the U.S. bombing in Afghanistan. This article explores the possibility of the use of computer attacks by terrorists or other groups as "weapons of mass disruption," which could be used to instigate further disorder following a bombing or other attack by, for example, taking down finiancial or communication systems. Security experts are nervous because they are seeing newer and more powerful types of attacks than ever before.
Cyberspace Seen as Potential Battlegroundarrow
This Fortune article recounts federal investigations into links between terrorism and the computer world and allegations that a Texas based communications company is providing technical and financial support to radical Islamic groups.
White House Names Cyberspace Security Advisorarrow
In the wake of the September 11 terrorist attacks, President Bush appointed Richard Clarke as presidential adviser on cyberspace security, as part of the new Office of Homeland Security. This article from Washtech.com provides background on the new position and on Clarke's experience as a computer security expert.
Cyberspace A New Medium for Communication, Command and Control by Extremistsarrow
This April 1999 article warns that "cyberspace is becoming a new arena for political extremists" both because the reliance of governments and nation states on new information technologies creates new vulnerabilities, and because those same technologies offer non-state sponsored terrorist groups an efficient means of organizing and communicating among themselves. The article details in particular the use of the Internet by a number of extremist Islamic groups.
Israel's Seminar on Cyberwararrow
In January 2001, Israel's Ben Gurion University hosted a seminar called "Battle of the Servers, Battle of the Hearts" addressing the role of cyberterrorism in conflicts around the world, from Kosovo to the Middle East. This Wired article details the conference, and provides links to participants' web sites and further articles on cyberterrorism in the Middle East.

government links
The Computer Crime and Intellectual Property Section of the Department of Justicearrow
Among other things, this site for the Computer Crime and Intellectual Property Section of the Department of Justice includes detailed directions on what to do if you suspect your site or systems have been hacked. For a U.S. perspective on the global challenges of cybercrime, read speeches and testimony of several U.S. authorities, including Janet Reno and other top officials at the Justice Department.
Studies and Surveys of Computer Crimearrow
In September 2000 the House Subcommittee on Government Management, Information, and Technology presented a "report card" which found that the federal government's computer security overall ranked a D-.
Information Security: Serious and Widespread Weaknesses Persist at Federal Agenciesarrow
In September 2000 the General Accounting Office released this report on the readiness of government computers. It concluded that 24 major agencies were especially vulnerable, posing risks to the operation of the federal government.

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