easter 1916 proclamation
The Easter Rising of 1916 has come to symbolize the birth of the Republican movement. The revolutionary philosophy underlying this Proclamation is reflected in contemporary Republican ideology.

Here is the Proclamation which Padraig Pearse read aloud from the steps of the Dublin General Post Office following the rebels' assault on Easter Monday, April 24, 1916. (Also, view the Proclamation as it looked originally - printed on broadside paper and passed out among Irish Republican rebels that day.)

gerry adams' cape 11
Adams spent four years in Long Kesh prison and from 'Cage 11' where he was held, he wrote a series of articles and columns which were smuggled out and published pseudonymously. Here's a selection of these writings.

bobby sands' diary
Sands began his hunger strike on March 1st and died on May 5th, 1981. He recorded the beginning of his hunger strike in this diary which he kept for the first 17 days.

a family at war
This excerpt from Peter Taylor's book Families at War is a portrait of the McKearneys. Three of the four sons joined the IRA to fight "for equality on the island of Ireland." Two were killed and the third, Tommy, spent 19 years in prison. Tommy was interviewed in FRONTLINE's "Behind the Mask-The IRA and Sinn Fein."

Following the 1981 hunger strikes, recruits flocked to the IRA; it needed more arms, especially heavy weaponry, to take on the British army. The IRA thought if it could shoot down British helicopters it could be well on its way to winning the 'war.' So the IRA came to the U.S. looking to buy missiles. Here's an inside look at the IRA gunrunners, their mission, and what happened. (From Peter Taylor's 1997 book Behind the Mask: The IRA and Sinn Fein.)

badge of identity
This excerpt from Padraig O'Malley's The Uncivil Wars: Ireland Today is a good primer on the basics of Northern Ireland's tragic conflict and why it has endured for so long.

home .  the conflict .  inside the ira .  readings .  poems & songs .  special reports .  chronology .  map .  links .  viewer discussion .  press reaction .  tapes & transcripts

New Content Copyright © 1998 PBS and WGBH/Frontline
PBS Online