Paris: Vélo Liberté
Paris' citywide bike-sharing plan, Velib', has been so successful that the mayor wants to create a similar system for cars. Autolib', as it would be called, could offer a reliable and affordable alternative to driving personal vehicles in the city's congested streets. Some, however, feel that giving people the option to use a car in lieu of public transport is a step backward.
Today, food travels an average of 1,500 miles from its production source to plate. Now, however, the end of cheap, abundant fuel is leading to the end of cheap food. Unpredictable fossil fuel costs and the United States' federal ethanol subsidies are both reshaping the global food economy.
e² design season three
A Garden in Cairo
His Highness the Aga Khan, spiritual leader of the Ismaili Muslims, has deep ancestral roots in the city of Cairo. His sponsorship of numerous social and economic development projects is grounded in the principle that people should be active participants in their communities and cultures.
The Village Architect
Brian MacKay-Lyons feels that modern architecture education distances students from the tangible act of building. To provide students with more hands-on experience, he created the Ghost Architectural Laboratory. For two weeks each summer, students and professors work under MacKay-Lyons's guidance to build structures that explore what is sustainable and meaningful.
Melbourne, Australia's Council House 2, or CH2, has set a new standard for sustainable building design. While it employs established sustainable technologies, like energy and water conservation, the design includes many features that enhance the quality of the indoor environment.
The Art and Science of Renzo Piano
For architect Renzo Piano, the building site is a magical place where the art of construction takes place. He calls his office the Building Workshop, acknowledging the birthplace of his designs in respect to their final outcome: a structure. Ambivalent about tradition, he sees creation as a branch between past and future.s
New Orleans: The Water Line
The storm surge of Hurricane Katrina could have been mitigated had New Orleans' wetlands remained undeveloped. Now, citizens of the city's Lower Ninth Ward have begun the restoration of Bayou Bienvenue, which runs along the devastated neighborhood's northern border.
New Orleans: Make It Right
The Make It Right Foundation - founded by actor and activist Brad Pitt - made history in storm-ravaged New Orleans by placing 150 pink symbolic homes in the city's hardest hit neighborhood, the Lower Ninth Ward. Each of Pitt's pink houses represents a sustainable home that will eventually be built in its place as money is raised by the foundation. Thirteen architects from around the world were recruited by Make It Right to design innovative, affordable, sustainable housing, which would also ensure the strongest protection possible against volatile weather.
Harvesting the Wind
Learn how wind turbines are manufactured at the Suzlon Rotor Corporation in Pipestone, Minnesota, which supplies the state's rapidly expanding community-owned wind farms. Demand for the turbines is high as many farmers look for new sources of revenue.
Energy for a Developing World
Muhammad Yunus - the founder of the Grameen Bank and a Nobel Peace Prize-winner - describes his philosophy toward poverty, and how energy access can play a major role in poverty alleviation.
The production of ethanol and other biofuels requires many of the same resources - such as arable land - as the production of food. As the biofuel industry expands in the United States and abroad, there is increasing question of how food production will be impacted. Experts discuss the tension between these two industries in Brazil and the United States, the world's two largest ethanol producers.
State of Resolve
Terry Tamminen, a policy advisor to California Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger on energy and environmental issues, helped draft much of the state's forward-thinking environmental policy. Tamminen discusses California's achievements, and the imperative of new laws and policies that promote sustainabile practices.
Coal and Nuclear: Problem or Solution?
A process called "carbon sequestration" may one day allow the United States and other countries to burn abundant coal reserves without emitting greenhouse gases. But the technology is far from complete, and some skeptics question its ability to effectively capture carbon dioxide. Learn more about the carbon capture process from leading researchers in the field.
e² design season two
The Druk White Lotus School — Ladakh
The Druk White Lotus School was constructed despite challenges ranging from financing, to Ladakh, India's harsh climate and remote location. The school's founder, His Holiness The Twelfth Gyalwang Drukpa, describes how the school was built in stages, while architect Jonathan Rose discusses the plethora of fundraising sources used for expansion.
Greening the Federal Government
Architect Thom Mayne describes his philosophy toward sustainability and design. Mayne, a Pritzker Prize-winner and the architect of the San Francisco Federal Building, is a maverick and a leader in his field. He believes that people will have to adapt to new, sustainable building designs now and into the future.
Bogotá: Building a Sustainable City
During his tenure as mayor of Bogota, Colombia, Enrique Penalosa was both revered and scorned for his urban planning and transportation policies. His public works projects, which largely favored the pedestrian experience, were unlike anything previously built in Bogotá. Penalosa describes the environmental and social importance of minimizing automobile culture.
Affordable Green Housing
Biophilia is a hypothesis that describes humans as emotionally connected to all other living systems. Jonathan Rose, a New York City-based real estate developer, describes how biophilia can guide building design in dense urban environments. In many instances, biophilia shares the same principles as sustainable building design.
Adaptive Reuse in the Netherlands
Dutch architect Frits van Dongen discusses his building, "The Whale." The Whale is the centerpiece of Borneo Sporenburg, a high-density urban housing development situated on Amsterdam's eastern docklands. Van Dongen explains that many units in the building do not share the same floor plan.
See architect and activist Edward Mazria's compelling presentation, which calls on buildings to be carbon neutral by the year 2030. Mazria has been speaking to leaders from the building industry and government on practical ways to reduce buildings' carbon footprint.
e² design season one
The Green Apple
David Owen, a writer for The New Yorker, discussues the complex issues of sustainability as they relate to urban and suburban life. "Green Manhattan," an article that Owen wrote for The New Yorker about the city's inherent sustainability, was a major inspiration for the e² series.
Green for All
Learn more about the inspirational architect Sergio Palleroni, who is introducing sustainability to poor and underdeveloped communities around the world. Palleroni is a professor at The University of Texas-Austin.
The Green Machine
Thirty years ago in Freiburg, Germany, the "green movement" was born. Today, the city serves as a model of environmental consciousness for architects, planners, and even politicians. Its successes inspired Chicago Mayor Richard M. Daley, who has supported many environmental initiatives in his city.
Gray to Green
A closer look at how much energy is used and how much pollution is created by construction. The impact on our environment is staggering.
China: From Red to Green?
Tad Fettig, the director and co-creator of the e² series, shares his perspectives on filming in China as this sleeping giant of industry, technology and consumer demand awakens in the 21st century.
Deeper Shades of Green
Meet maverick designer Cameron Sinclair, whose "design like you give a damn" credo was an inspiration for the e² series.
What are podcasts?
Podcasts are digital audio or video files that are distributed on the Internet using "feeds." You can subscribe to specific feeds using special software on your computer, which will automatically download new podcasts from the Internet when they become available. The podcasts can then be played on your computer, or you can transfer them to a portable device such as an iPod or other media player.
How can I view them?
The e² series podcasts are available in two different formats: Flash video, and Quicktime .mov. The Flash video versions can be played on this site: Click the "play" button below each podcast, and the video will appear in the player on the upper right side of the screen. The Quicktime files can be downloaded to your computer and saved: Click the "download" button below each podcast, and the file will download to your hard drive. You can also subscribe to the e² series RSS feed, and new Quicktime podcasts will automatically download to your computer when we publish them.
RSS, which stands for "really simple syndication," is a technology that allows you to subscribe to information published online, and have it delivered to you on a regular basis. When you subscribe to an RSS feed for a podcast series, new podcasts in the series are automatically downloaded to your computer as they are published. You may need to download a special type of software called a "feed reader" to subscribe to RSS feeds, as they rely on different technology than normal Web pages.
What software do I need?
While there are many software options for subscribing to RSS feeds and playing back podcasts, some popular choices include:
Windows: iTunes, Miro, Nimiq
Macintosh: iTunes, Miro, Newsfire
Linux: Miro, gPodder
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