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Marie Antoinette and the French Revolution
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A Monarchy Falls: 1792

1792

April 20: France declares war on Austria, and Prussia aligns with Austria.
Louis XVI in angry mob during Invasion of the Tuileries
Louis XVI in angry mob during Invasion of the Tuileries
June: As the Jacobins grow increasingly radical and anti-monarchical, Louis XVI dismisses his Jacobin ministers and replaces them with more moderate Feuillants.
June 20: A large crowd invades the Tuileries, demanding the return of the Jacobin ministers. They force Louis to don a liberty cap and toast the health of the people.
July 25: Austria and Prussia threaten to invade France if any harm comes to the Royal Family. The warning, known as The Brunswick Manifesto, reaches Paris on July 28.
July 29: Robespierre calls for the removal of the king.
Mob overtaking Tuileries Palace
Mob overtaking Tuileries Palace
August 3-10: Parisians petition the Legislative Assembly to suspend the king's powers, yet the Assembly does nothing.
August 10: Fall of the Monarchy. Sans-culotte militants invade and pillage Tuileries, forcing the Legislative Assembly to suspend royal power and place the Royal Family under the "protection" of the National Assembly.
August 11: Under pressure from Sans-culottes, the National Assembly votes to call election of a National Convention by universal male suffrage to replace itself and write a new constitution. Assembly authorizes arrest of anyone suspected of being an enemy of the Revolution and bans royalist newspapers.
August 13: The Royal Family is imprisoned in the Temple.
August 19: Defection of General Lafayette. Lafayetee flees toward Austria after having been removed from his command and declared in rebellion for having opposed events of August 10. He is captured by Prussian Army as it crosses the border into France.
September 2-6: September Massacres. Paris buzzes with rumors of the collapse of the Revolution due to imminent invasion. Revolutionary crowds enter Parisian prisons, seizing about 1500 prisoners, including the Princesse de Lamballe, and summarily executing them.
September 20: The French Army defeats the Prussians at Valmy. The last session of the Legislative Assembly is dissolved and replaced by the newly elected National Convention.
Soldier at the Battle of Valmy
Soldier at the Battle of Valmy
September 21-22: The National Convention abolishes the Monarchy, decrees the establishment of a republic, and begins discussing the new constitution.

Timeline

Early Years 1755 - 1775Married to France: 1770-1780Queen as Mother: 1780-1786Financial Failings: 1787-1788Change of Power: 1789A Revolution: 1789-1790New Rule: 1791A Monarchy Falls: 1792Revolution Enemies: 1792-1793Reign of Terror: 1793-1794Aftermath: 1794-1799
Explore Versailles Queen's Chamber

King Louis XVI
Read more about the last king of France.

Robespierre
Learn more about the controversial Maximilien Robespierre.

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