MAKING SENSE -- September 2, 2013 at 5:10 PM ET
Who's Working on Labor Day? America's Fastest-Growing Jobs
A majority of Americans still supports labor unions, but a majority also believes they're likely to weaken. Photo of Charlotte Labor Day parade courtesy of Jared Soares for the PBS NewsHour.
On this Labor Day, when fewer than one in five households can boast a labor union member, how do Americans feel about unions? What does the labor landscape look like? And what's the labor market likely to look like, going forward?
In a Gallup poll released this weekend, a majority of Americans approve of labor unions, up slightly over the past few years. But perhaps more significantly, more than half also believe that labor unions are likely to grow weaker in the future.
American approval of labor unions, as measured by Gallup, is up this year from 2012 but still well below the historical average.
American labor union approval peaked at 72 percent during the Great Depression in 1936 -- the first year Gallup started tracking the issue. But today's approval rating, while up from its lowest point in 2009, still sits well below the historical average approval rating.
The dire future many Americans predict for unions, Gallup speculates, could have something to do with Michigan's and Indiana's recent passage of right to work legislation, which makes it more difficult for unions to organize in those states. But of course, the long-term trend has been one of constant decline for organized labor.
The Gallup results make clear that labor unions are still a passionately partisan issue, with only 34 percent of Republicans but 75 percent of Democrats approving of them.
In 2009, after President Obama had taken office, 42 percent of Americans wanted unions to exert less influence, up from 32 percent just one year before. Four years later, the number of those opposed to union power has dropped to 38 percent.
The labor union participation rate among American households (19 percent) has held relatively steady, Gallup reports, since 2003 when it was 16 percent.
But the share of the American workforce in labor unions has decreased in the decades since the union boom that helped shape the Labor Day holiday that many more than just union workers celebrate today.
So where do unions stand in the changing American labor force? As Secretary of Labor Thomas Perez recently told PBS NewsHour's Ray Suarez, when talking about both the strength of unions and the necessary outreach to non-union workers, "What heartens me as much as anything is I think there's an acute recognition in the labor movement and among responsible employers that we can't fight yesterday's battles anymore. If we're going to bring jobs back, if we're going to build a robust economy, we've got to recognize that we're all in this together."
NewsHour's full interview with Perez is slated to air Tuesday.
We talk a lot about unemployment numbers from the Bureau of Labor Statistics, and spend a lot of time calculating the "U-7," our own more inclusive metric of unemployment, but it's not as often that we examine which industries' changes are helping shape the monthly number of jobs added.
Here, from the Bureau of Labor Statistics' Occupational Outlook Handbook, are the 20 fastest growing professions in America. These are the occupations with the highest percentage growth.
The occupational similarity of the two fastest-growing fields (personal care and home health aides) -- two professions whose workers can't simply take off on holidays -- is striking for what it says about our country's demographics. As we've explored in our New Adventures for Older Workers project, Americans are working and living longer, and with that the country is changing.
The site 24/7 Wall Street generated a similar list of "The 10 Fastest-Growing Jobs in America" using BLS employment data. And they picked up on the same trend:
Many occupations with extreme job growth in the past few years owe at least part of their growth to the changing demographics of the United States. As the baby boom generation ages, many more people need help planning for retirement. This has driven growth of personal financial advisors jobs. Similarly, the need for personal care aides has grown because more people require help in their daily lives.
An aging population also has driven job growth in many occupations that are not directly related to retirement planning and care. According to BLS Chief Regional Economist Martin Kohli, "The aging of the population is one of the factors that is driving the demand for massage therapists." An aging population "is also a factor in the demand for coaches," Kohli said. Many coaches work as instructors for leisure sports that retirees enjoy.