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4.7.06
Politics and Economy:
State Gay Adoption Laws
More on This Story:
Gay Adoption in the U.S. and Abroad

Laws regarding gay adoption vary from state to state. In many cases, one partner adopts a child and then the second applies to become a second parent, or co-parent. Second parent adoptions have been granted by the courts in twenty-one states as well as in Washington, D.C.

Florida is the only state with an outright ban on gay adoption.

In Mississippi, a single person can adopt but not a same-sex couple. In Utah and New Hampshire, no unmarried couples, gay or straight, are allowed to adopt.

California, Massachusetts, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Ohio, Vermont, Washington, Wisconsin, and Washington, D.C. allow adoption by openly gay and lesbian couples.

For a more detailed view of state-by-state gay adoption laws, click the following links:

Gay adoption in other countries

In Canada, gay adoption is legal in nine provinces or territories and illegal in three.

Gay adoption is legal in Sweden, the Netherlands, Spain, England and Wales, and Belgium. Iceland, Norway, Germany and Denmark allow "stepchild-adoption", which permits the partner in a civil union to adopt the child of his partner.

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