NOW Home Page
Politics & Economy
Science & Health
Arts & Culture
Society & Community
TV Schedule
For Educators
Topic Index
Baby with AIDS
Science and Health:
The Earth Debate
More on This Story:

The world of policymakers and statistical analysts call them DALYS — Disability Adjusted Life Years. This is the calculation of the number of years lost to ill-health, disability and premature death. In the developing world the number of DALYS related to environmental causes is much greater than in the developed world. But DALYS don't just result from lack of access to modern medicine — they can result from the stuff of development itself — industrial pollution, urbanization, lack of safe air and water. And then there's the pandemic. Find out the real toll of AIDS.


The World Health Organization estimates that national HIV rates of 10 to 15% can result in a reduction of GDP per capita of 1 percent a year. Around 40 million people are living with HIV/AIDS. About 92% of all AIDS cases are in developing countries.

UNICEF and WHO report that 11 million children under the age of five die in developing countries each year — 70 percent of those deaths come from diarrheal diseases, respiratory infections, malaria, measles or malnutrition. Great strides have been made in reducing child mortality — some gains that are being lost to AIDS. In order to meet the Millennium Summit goal of reducing child mortality by two-thirds in 2015, rates in the 1990s should have declined by 30 percent. They declined only by 6 percent.

Health and History Facts

Life expectancy in developing countries in 1970:
Life expectancy in developing countries in 2000:
Life expectancy in developed countries in 2000:  78
Number of countries where life expectancy has declined since 1990:  38
Infant mortality (per 1000 live births) in developed countries, 1999:  6
Infant mortality (per 1000 live births) in developing countries, 1970:
Infant mortality (per 1000 live births) in developing countries, 1999:
% of preventable illnesses caused by poor environmental quality:  25%
Annual number of deaths due to water-borne diseases or air pollution:  5-6 million
Sources: World Health Organization; World Bank Millennium Development Goals; United Nations Environment Program

Related Stories:

about feedback pledge © Public Affairs Television. All rights reserved.