For most of Earth’s history, hardly any of the mucky stuff existed on land. It finally started piling up around 458 million years ago, changing life on the planet forever.
By Laura Poppick, Knowable Magazine
Casualty figures from Saturday night's disaster in Indonesia continued to rise, with at least 281 people confirmed killed and more than 1,000 injured.
By Niniek Karmini, Associated Press
Kilauea's eruptions have exposed the guts of our planet in ways previously unseen, and along the way, inspired a number of volcanology terms.
By Nsikan Akpan, Julia Griffin
Guatemala's 12,000-foot Volcano of Fire has erupted on and off since 2002. Despite active monitoring, Sunday's eruption caught residents by surprise. Here's why.
By Nsikan Akpan
Kilauea is the most lethal volcano in American history, but this reputation comes mostly from a single event.
Late Saturday, Kilauea’s lava began oozing into the Pacific Ocean, creating a plume of acid and glass shards. As bad as it sounds, this poisonous haze may not be the most hazardous part.
By Nsikan Akpan
Hours before the volcano erupted, it spewed a plume of pink ash hundreds of feet into the air. How come?…
By Shannon Hall, Scientific American
The massive slabs of Earth’s crust might have started their journey more than 3.5 billion years ago.
By Julia Griffin, Kristin Hugo
Deep inside the Luray Caverns, a song rises above the steady drip-drip-drip of water echoing upon limestone. The Great Stalacpipe Organ, a three-and-a-half-acre percussion instrument, is its source.
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