(upbeat music) - She became increasingly interested in politics, and with John Macy, this was her entry into that world.
She wanted to know why some people were poor and some people were not.
She thought that was incredibly unjust.
And she began to look at why that was the case.
- How did I become a socialist? by reading.
It's no easy thing to absorb through one's fingers a book of 50,000 words on economics, but it is a pleasure I shall enjoy repeatedly until I have made myself familiar with all the classic socialist authors.
- Socialism was an enormously appealing movement in the early decades of the 20th century.
It flourished in circles of educated people, especially educated young people.
- It can't be unreasonable to ask of a society a fair chance for all.
It can't be unreasonable to demand the protection of women and children and an honest wage for all.
When shall we learn that we are all related, one to the other, that we're all members of one body?
- [Narrator] Helen would go on to write articles for 'The Call,' a New York City socialist newspaper.
its women's pages regularly discussed birth control, wages for women workers, and childcare.