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From our Files

FRONTLINE/World: Eyewitness to an Uprising
Reporter James Buck’s first hand account of a food riot in Mahalla, Egypt.

FRONTLINE/World: Inside Cairo’s Living Room
This multimedia feature by FRONTLINE/World fellow Scott Squire introduces viewers to the sights and sounds of Cairo.

FRONTLINE/World: Media Hubs of the Middle East
This interactive map examines where Arab media is concentrated.

Egypt Background: Politics, history, statistics

BBC News Timeline
A comprehensive timeline of major events in Egyptian history.

CIA World Factbook: Egypt
The latest background data about Egypt from the Central Intelligence Agency.

The U.N. in Egypt
Links to reports on development milestones, the state of microfinance in Egypt as well as UN programs in the country.

World Bank: Egypt
The World Bank homepage for Egypt pulls together a number of reports and financial as well as links to the World Bank’s projects and programs in Egypt.

Egypt's Youth Demands Change
Egypt's young population also suffers from political disenfranchisement, but that has been changing as young people have become increasingly restless with the Mubarak regime. The grassroots Kefaya movement (meaning "Enough" in Arabic) erupted in 2003 after a anti-Iraq war protest evolved into an anti-Mubarak protest - one of the first in 25 years. According to a report from the Rand Corporation (pdf), the Kefaya movement today suffers from some conflicts of leadership but continues to simmer below the surface.

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Unemployment in the Middle East

The Middle East Youth Initiative
This think-tank is dedicated to the study of youth issues in the Middle East, including comprehensive research and reports on unemployment, marriage, political participation and housing. It is project of the Wolfensohn Center for Development at the Brookings Institution and the Dubai School of Government.

Youth Employment Network
This partnership of World Bank, the International Labor Organization and the United Nations seeks to develop employment opportunities for youth around the world.

Silatech
A social enterprise founded by the Emir of Qatar and his wife, Silatech creates partnerships between public and private sector for large-scale job creation in the Middle East.

New York Times: Stifled, Egypt’s Young Turn to Islamic Fervor
This 2008 article, part of a series called “Stalled Lives”, explores the connection between unemployment and a rise in religious zeal amongst young people in Egypt.

New York Times Multimedia: Young and Jobless in the Middle East
An interactive look at the demographics of the region.

Injaz Al Arab
The official website of Injaz Al Arab, the non-profit featured in “EGYPT: Middle East Inc.” that works to provide young people with an entrepreneurial skill set.

Waiting to Marry: Additional Resources
One major side effect of the youth unemployment crisis is that young people can’t afford to marry, meaning they are unable to cross a threshold leading to respect and independence as well acceptable sexual activity. Below are some additional resources that explore this angle of the story.

PBS Now: Navtej Dhillon
PBS Now interviews with Navtej Dhillon of the Middle East Youth Initiative about the marriage crisis.

New York Times Video: Marriage Beyond Reach
With the cost of building a life beyond their grasp, many in the Arab Middle East are delaying marriage, losing hope and often turning to religion for solace.

New York Times Slideshow: Marriage in Egypt
The difficulties young people in Egypt face in getting married are explored in pictures.

President Obama’s speech
President Obama made a historic speech addressed to the “Muslim World” from Cairo on June 4th, 2009.  His choice of Egypt was received with mixed feelings in the Arab world because of the abysmal human rights record of the Mubarak regime, which has held onto power for 28 years by limiting freedom of speech, intimidating and harassing the opposition and censoring the media.  Explore these links to gain insight into the way the speech was received in the Middle East.

The White House transcript
The White House provides full video and transcripts on its website, including links to translations of transcript into 13 languages as well as photo slideshow of “behind the scenes” shots of Obama on his Middle East trip.

CNN: Egyptians Await Obama, Saying It Can’t All Be Rainbows and Rose
CNN explores the Egyptian ambivalence toward Obama.

CNN Commentary
Fawaz A. Gerges, an Egyptian academic currently teaching at Sarah Lawrence College, provides perspective on the speech.

New York Times: The Lede Blog
A look at reactions from students across the Middle East.

Global Voices: Will There Be Any Action After Obama’s Talk?
Global Voices aggregates international blog posts and translates from Arabic. This post highlights reactions to Obama's speech from the Egyptian blogosphere.

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Egyptian Bloggers (in English)
The blogosphere is not immune to Mubarak’s tight rein on freedom of expression – over 100 bloggers were detained in 2008 alone.  Despite the repression, Egypt has a healthy blogosphere in Arabic and English.  Below are some links to English-language blogs by Egyptians as well as expats living in Egypt.

Baheyya
A blog by an anonymous Egyptian woman who writes political commentary as well as highlights Egyptian art and literature.

Cairo Freeze
The highly entertaining, illustrated blog of freelance Egyptian cartoonist T.Shahin.

Arabawy
Socialist journalist and blogger Hossam El Hamalawy’s political thoughts and links.

Sand Monkey
The lively blog of a self-described “snarky and cynical and pro-U.S.” Egyptian.

Egypt and Beyond
The writing and insight of a Swedish journalist based in Cairo.

Egyptian Chronicles
A political and personal blog by an anonymous Egyptian woman.

Mohamed Nanabhay’s Blog
Nanabhay is the Doha-based head of new media for the Al Jazeera network.

Injaz Company Competition
Follow news about the Injaz Company Competition for the entire Middle East Region