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Before World War II, the idea of a Jewish State in Palestine had been debated for decades among Jewish Americans. Also highly controversial among the world's nations, a Jewish homeland took on increasing appeal to Jewish Americans in light of the millions of fellow Jews displaced after the war. Jewish Americans contributed political and financial support to the establishment of a Jewish homeland in the Middle East. In 1948, the United Nations partitioned the former British protectorate of Palestine, and the State of Israel was founded. In the face of armed Arab resistance to the founding of Israel, Jewish Americans sent money and supplies to the fledgling state. Others went themselves to help in the struggle for Israel's existence.