Visit Your Local PBS Station PBS Home PBS Home Programs A-Z TV Schedules Watch Video Donate Shop PBS Search PBS

The Program
Overview
The Documents
Vinyl Chloride
Regulatory War
The Interviews
The Problem
The Evidence
The Options


Discuss the Program
Buy Video
Program CreditsTranscript
Database of All EWG Documents
Email to a friend Make a Pledge
Moyers Mailing List
The Program : The Documents
Click for Adobe Acrobat Reader
April 14, 1958
Esso, Toxigram, Benzene

"Most authorities agree the only level which can be considered absolutely safe for prolonged exposure is zero."

view page   
July 23, 1958
Dow Chemical Company Biochemical Research Laboratory.

“Testicular atrophy may result from prolonged repeated exposure. A tentative hygiene standard of 1 part per million is suggested."

view page   |  download pdf file

February 9, 1971
Meeting of the MCA Board of Directors

“Some would see the proposed Toxic Substances Act broadened to the point that any new chemical product would be barred from the market unless and until it has been federally certified as posing no potential hazard to human health or the environment... There has probably never been a clearer justification of the need for chemical industry public relations…We must do all we can to convince the public that the chemical industry, its ability to solve problems, and its products, now so much criticized, are essential to the quality of modern life.”


view page   |  download pdf file

April 29, 1975
Inter-office memo.

"We are slowly contaminating all wells in our area and two of our own wells are contaminated to the point of being toxic to animals or humans. THIS IS A TIME BOMB THAT WE MUST DE-FUSE."

view page   |  download pdf file
February 8, 1977
MCA Proposed Program on OSHA Benzene Regulation

“The benzene special project would be fully financially supported by participating companies … The following budget is proposed initially … $500,000.”

view page   |  download pdf file

February 8, 1977
MCA Proposed Program on OSHA Benzene Regulation

“NIOSH has proposed that the permissible exposures levels for benzene be reduced from 10 ppm to 1 ppm. The basis for this reduction is questioned. The purpose of the proposed program is to develop a sound technical base for a position by industry on potential regulation and to advance that position with OSHA and NIOSH.”


view page   |  download pdf file

February 8, 1977
Meeting of the MCA Board of Directors

“Volunteer company members, in addition to CRAC’s membership of thirty, have been readily accepted at work group levels, assuring effective MCA representation in these frequent EPA working sessions.”

view page   |  download pdf file
May 10, 1977
Board Minutes re: Benzene Regulation

Mr. Pickering … reported that some of the companies individually are contemplating litigation … circumstances involved are potentially precedent setting.”

view page   |  download pdf file
October 11, 1977
"We assert that there is no evidence that leukemia has resulted from exposure to benzene at the current concentration limits. The new and lower limitation on exposure would represent an intolerable misallocation of economic resources."

view page   |  download pdf file
September 1979
A Summary of Progress. Presented to the Board of Directors.

"Gentlemen, this is a campaign that has the dimension and detail of a war. This is war, not a battle. The dollars expended on offense are token compared to future costs.

view page   |  download pdf file
September 8, 1980
Report to the Board.

"We need real muscle, the kind none of your lobbyists are likely to have as individuals. ...One growing source of political strength outside Washington is the political action committee. PAC contributions improve access to Members."

view page   |  download pdf file
October 28, 1980
Meeting of the CMA Board of Directors

“The first CMA specific chemical advocacy program was the Benzene Panel which was approved by the Board in 1977…The CMA executive Committee in 1977 approved an advocacy program for benzene in response to an unjustified worker-exposure standard proposed by OSHA. The CMA Benzene Program Panel successfully supported the American Petroleum Institute in rebutting that standard…CMA took its first steps towards advocacy in 1977…The Benzene Panel’s Charter was expanded in November 1978…”

view page   |  download pdf file
January 5-6, 1981
General Counsel’s Report at the Meeting of the CMA Board

“At the request of Congressman Stockman, we prepared recommendations to the Reagan/Bush Transition Team as to administrative initiatives that could be implemented in the first 90-100 days of the new administration.”

view page   |  download pdf file
September 28, 1981
Government Relations Committee, Pebble Beach.

“The Committee believes that the new climate in Washington is more reasoned and responsive. The election of the Reagan Administration appears to have produced changes which bode well for our industry."

view page   |  download pdf file
September 28, 1981
Environmental Management Committee report to CMA

"President Reagan directed EPA to delay proposing or finalizing regulations until it could be determined that they were cost-effective and necessary."

"We must arm ourselves with cost calculations for alternate environmental control strategies; and we must feed that information to EPA as early as possible."

view page   |  download pdf file
November 2, 1981
Major Accomplishments

“A petition to OSHA to issue an emergency temporary standard of 1 ppm … On September 29, OSHA denied the petition.”

view page   |  download pdf file

June 4, 1986
California Toxics Initiative.
"A campaign fund of $5 million dollars has been targeted, with a broad coalition of industry and agricultural interests having been formed to finance and manage the campaign. A total of… "

view page   |  download pdf file

June 3, 1987
Board of Directors Meeting. CMA. State Toxics Initiatives

"Development of a funding plan which would include an industry-wide “pledge” of resources company-by-company, pre-authorization to commit the funds to individual state campaigns"

view page   |  download pdf file
September 1, 1987
Meeting of the CMA Board of Directors.

“The chemical industry has contended that while a few substances pose a real risk to human health when sufficient exposure occurs, the vast majority of chemicals do not pose any substantial threat to health. However, the problem is, very little data exists to broadly respond to the public’s perception and the charges of our opponents.”

view page   |  download pdf file
September 14, 1992
“A general CMA policy on voluntary development of health, safety and environmental information will potentially avert restrictive regulatory actions and legislative initiatives... Enhance the reputation of CMA and its member companies with government and the public.”

view page   |  download pdf file

Resources  |  Program Credits  |  Site Credits  |  Site Map  |  Bulletin Boards  |   Home