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Six months ago, George Floyd was killed under the knee of a Minneapolis police officer, triggering protests and spasms of property destruction in cities across America. The Minneapolis Police Department is now facing calls for its abolition while struggling with high attrition and low morale. Special correspondent Fred de Sam Lazaro reports as part of his series, "Agents for Change."
Six months ago today, George Floyd was killed under the knee of a Minneapolis police officer, triggering protests over racial injustice in cities across America.
The Minneapolis Police Department is facing calls for its abolition, while struggling with high attrition and low morale, as violent crime there is on the rise.
Special correspondent Fred de Sam Lazaro brings us up to date.
This report is part of his series Agents For Change.
Fred de Sam Lazaro:
At the memorial to George Floyd, which drew tens of thousands of visitors in the warm months, the foliage has begun to wilt in a crisp Minnesota fall, symbolic, perhaps, of an exhausting six months in this city.
It's been more than exhausting for Dan Refaya, whose auto body shop is a block north of the memorial.
We are really, really, really suffering, suffering because the situation. I mean, my business is down like 50 to 60 percent.
Barricades make it hard to get in, he says. But there's a much bigger reason.
Most of the customers scared to come this area.
Six or more people been shot out here.
Residents and business owners say there's been a spike in violent crime in the memorial area and across the city.
Refaya himself was assaulted during a robbery at his shop that left him unconscious and hospitalized. Some might think the answer would be more police in the area, but to the volunteers who maintain this site, it's not an option.
We ran into Eliza Wesley, who calls herself the gatekeeper of the North End.
The police is not allowed to come in here. And we're not letting them in.
Hostility toward the police is still widely evident in graffiti, a reminder of the unrest that engulfed the city in May, taking out several buildings, including the Third Police Precinct, which remains boarded up.
The Minneapolis Police Department has remained in crisis since May. About 150 of its 800-odd officers have quit, retired or taken personal or disability leaves, several reportedly with many claims of post-traumatic stress disorder. So acute is the staffing shortage that the chief has sought to temporarily hire officers from other jurisdictions.
I'm saying we need more resources today, and right now.
Meeting virtually, chief Medaria Arradondo sought $500,000 from the City Council for the added help to address what he called an unprecedented surge in crime this year.
As of today, 74 homicides, as well as getting close to over roughly 500 of our community members who've been shot and wounded in our city, as well as a significant increase in carjackings throughout our city.
The request, though a small sum, was only narrowly approved by a City Council that has been at loggerheads with the police department.
This council is going to dismantle this police department.
(CHEERING AND APPLAUSE)
The slogan defund the police, which would become a political lightning rod nationally, first came to prominence after Floyd's killing, when nine council members, a majority, voted to create alternative approaches to public safety, more mental health counselors and violence prevention programs, fewer patrol cops.
Their efforts have been slowed by legislative and legal hurdles.
I think that increasing the number of police on the ground immediately is comfort food.
Councilman Jeremiah Ellison represents the city's predominantly Black North Side. One of the defund faction, he voted against the chief's emergency request.
It makes some people feel like you're doing something, even though you're not, and it — but it doesn't actually improve the material lives of the people in my ward, for example, who are on the receiving end of this uptick in violence.
North Minneapolis community activist Lisa Clemons disagrees.
We need the police in our community.
Clemons' organization, A Mother's Love, tries to de-escalate violence and mentor young families in crisis, particularly single mothers.
This past weekend, her group and others distributed masks, toiletries and safety literature outside a grocery store.
We need to be safe with COVID.
As an African-American and former cop, Clemons has a more nuanced view of the Minneapolis Police Department, which has a long history of tense relations with the Black community, including several officer-involved shootings.
Putting all cops under an umbrella is what I think is wrong. But I think there's enough cops that should not be wearing a uniform that impacts all the good that cops do.
And though it's a luxury these days with staffing shortages,she says her community urgently needs more beat police officers, not just those responding in a crisis.
The worst thing you can do is have cops just be 911 responders, because that means you're going to see people at their worst every day in your career. You are not going to have time to build relationships.
Clemons herself decided to leave policing to build those relationships.
In all honesty, I got sick of putting young people in the back of a squad car. And I wanted to do something to reach young people, reach families.
Among those she's reached is Convona Sims, for whom she purchased Thanksgiving staples.
We found her in tragedy, which is, sadly, where we find a lot of people, in tragedy.
Three teenagers were killed after a car chase turned deadly this morning.
Sims' son, Demetrius, and two friends were recently killed as they fled police and crashed the vehicle they had violently carjacked.
Just started working. He was real energetic, just liked to be with friends and family. I wanted my son, I wanted him to see more than what I seen growing up. I wanted him — I wanted him to succeed.
Sims, who works as a construction laborer, says she has no idea what led her son astray.
And Clemons says she's not alone among parents struggling to cope, particularly as the pandemic has closed school buildings and recreation centers for their children.
They need mentors inside the house and outside the house.
Things to do.
A lot of times, a lot of parents stay silent because they don't want to be judged.
But we want them to be able to call and say, I'm seeing some changes in my kid, and I need some help. That is that village that everybody keeps talking about.
She adds that, with the Floyd killing, with the pandemic, that village somehow feels larger today, as the entire city grapples with a spike in crime.
For the many business struggling to rebuild from the rubble of last May's unrest there are other worries, new COVID restrictions and, next spring, the trial of the four former police officers charged in the killing of George Floyd.
For the "PBS NewsHour," this is Fred de Sam Lazaro in Minneapolis.
And Fred's reporting is a partnership with the Under-Told Stories Project at the University of St. Thomas in Minnesota.
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