Fred de Sam Lazaro
Fred de Sam Lazaro
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Recruitment of foreign-trained nurses has hit a record high in the United States amid the coronavirus pandemic. But these workers, many of whom come from the Philippines, can sometimes wait years to come to the U.S. due to visa backlogs. Special correspondent Fred de Sam Lazaro reports from North Dakota on some of the challenges and opportunities they might face when they arrive.
The demand for nurses has reached a historic high in the U.S. An already short supply significantly worsened during the pandemic. That has driven the recruitment of foreign-trained nurses to record levels.
Correspondent Fred de Sam Lazaro traveled to North Dakota to see the challenges both hospitals and nurses are facing.
Fred de Sam Lazaro:
It's a long way to just about anywhere, even your neighbor's ranch, across the rolling prairies of Western North Dakota, where cows far outnumber people.
The nearest town of Elgin has no stoplights or fast food joints for its 543 residents, but, to people's immense relief, it does have a small hospital.
Charlie Steinkuehler, North Dakota:
Our population is mainly older.
We met Charlie and Enid Steinkuehler at The Sippin' Chicken coffee shop.
Enid Steinkuehler, North Dakota:
When we need to get to the doctor quickly, it's really good to have this facility here.
We're 70 miles from Bismarck, which is…
A long drive.
If you had a heart attack, you wouldn't last.
Teddy Werner, Nursing Director, Jacobson Memorial Hospital:
I will start with no staff members in the last month, so, Rose, she's an OB. She's from the Philippines. She's going to be night charge nurse to start with.
At the Jacobson Memorial Hospital, nursing director Teddy Werner is a rarity. She was born and raised in this area. Most of the 10 to 12 nurses working here come through a revolving door, temporary so-called travel nurses from across the U.S. and foreign ones on longer contracts.
We have had a group of Filipinos in the past, also a group of Kenyans. So they kind of become core staff. They are here longer. You get to know them very well.
I have a nurse that wants to meet you.
Rose Tesani, Nurse:
Where were you before?
Philippines, in my country.
Patricia Pittman, George Washington University:
So, we're going to be seeing tens of thousands of Filipino nurses coming to the United States.
George Washington University Professor Patricia Pittman says the U.S. has long recruited nurses from that Southeast Asian country, where longstanding colonial ties helped create an American model of nursing education.
Pittman says the U.S. was facing a nurse shortage before the pandemic due to an aging work force and, paradoxically, good economic times, when many nurses quit if their spouses are gainfully employed. COVID she says rapidly escalated the exodus.
Everything from the first period, when there wasn't enough PPE and they felt betrayed by employers that were not protecting them, to issues around having to take care of their families as caregivers themselves — it's a female-dominated profession — to just the exhaustion from witnessing so much death and suffering.
So I can choose any patient for this one?
The pandemic also delayed Rose Tesani's arrival here. She was offered this job in 2016, but visa processing, already backlogged, was pushed back further.
That one has a HEPA filter.
With years of experience, the 35-year-old Tesani expects to adapt quickly to the American system. But she did admit to one fear early on.
This is the first time that I will be handling people from this country. And I don't know if they will accept me, based on my skin color.
But, based on my experience since I came, I don't feel any of that.
I got brown eyes, too.
Yes, you do. You're so pretty.
During week one of a three-year contract, Tesani said she found people welcoming and helpful, helping her make the adjustment to life here.
At the moment, I don't have a car. Once I get that, problem solved.
Until you start driving in the wintertime.
North Dakota's cold weather is one reason why most foreign nurses don't renew past their three-year obligation. Isolation is another.
In Dickinson, about 80 miles northwest of Elgin, nurse Roger Uy and wife Noemi (ph) arrived from Manila via San Francisco with their 1-year-old son, Raiu (ph), exhausted from all the travel, unsure about the blast of cold air that greeted him.
However, Roger Uy's always employer, the 88-bed St. Luke's skilled nursing facility, offered a warm welcome on a busy first full day in Dickinson.
Amy Kreidt, CEO, St. Luke’s Home:
Fingerprints, apartment, shopping. Hopefully, you're ready for this.
Roger Uy, Nurse:
I'm waiting for it for a long time already.
Roger Uy had waited four years since being offered this job for his visa to clear. St. Luke's CEO, Amy Kreidt, played tour guide for the day, as he got fingerprinted at the police station, required for new immigrants.
Are you thinking like a sofa and a recliner, or are you thinking a sectional?
As they browse the furniture store and, most critically, the Uys got to meet Filipino colleagues at St. Luke's six of the seven nurses now on staff.
Christina has a young daughter.
So, if we can have any employee with their family, you're less likely to be lonely. You're more likely to be social and out and about vs. if your family is across the world.
So just having an adequate size Filipino population in our town is a good asset and resource for them.
One question raised in this story concerns the ethics of rich countries luring away the best talents of poorer ones, whether the Philippines or India, and especially countries in sub-Saharan Africa and the Caribbean, which don't graduate a lot of nurses and desperately need their services.
The World Health Organization has been very concerned about poaching from poor countries, because you're essentially using taxpayer money from those countries to fund our health work force.
I would say, at the policy level, however, at least in terms of Congress, there has been very little interest in this issue.
Did you always want to work in America?
Yes, it's a 13-years dream for me.
You have been dreaming about this for 13 years?
Yes, since I passed my exams in the Philippines. This has always been my dream.
Tesani and Roger Uy say nurses get little respect in the Philippines, a complaint echoed among American nursing groups. But back home, it's also reflected in pay, which Uy says is about one-tenth of what they will earn here in North Dakota.
My role really is to give my son a better life. So I think being here secures him.
You hear some people sometimes say, it's not ethical for rich countries to take the best brains from poor countries. Have you ever given that any thought?
Well, I think, for me, I have spent 15 years already in the Philippines. So I think the service that — the service that I gave to the Philippines is enough.
So I think maybe it's my time to give for myself, to choose for a better life.
How long that will be in North Dakota remains to be seen. Four more Philippine nurses have been offered jobs at St. Luke's and are awaiting their visa approval.
For the "PBS NewsHour," this is Fred de Sam Lazaro in Dickinson, North Dakota.
And a reminder. Fred's reporting is in partnership with the Under-Told Stories Project at the University of St. Thomas in Minnesota.
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Fred de Sam Lazaro is director of the Under-Told Stories Project at the University of St. Thomas in Minnesota, a program that combines international journalism and teaching. He has served with the PBS NewsHour since 1985 and is a regular contributor and substitute anchor for PBS' Religion and Ethics Newsweekly.
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