Hello, I'm Julia Child.
Welcome to my house.
What fun we're going to have
baking all kinds of incredible cakes, pies and breads
right here in my own kitchen.
Mary Bergin, Head Pastry Chef
for Wolfgang Puck's Spago Restaurants
demonstrates a basic vanilla chiffon cake with a twist--
it's rolled around a chocolate walnut mousse.
See how it's done on:
[Captioning sponsored by VIEWERS LIKE YOU]
This is a chiffon cake
in the form of a jelly roll
rolled around a delicious walnut mousse.
And Mary Bergin is going to prepare it
from scratch today.
I'm going to start off with four egg yolks.
This is going to be the cake batter?
Very simple cake batter.
And then we have a half a cup of vegetable oil.
You can use safflower oil
or a vegetable oil.
But in a chiffon cake you never use butter--
it's always oil.
Right, because you want to have the shortening
in a liquid state at all times.
And then it keeps that same texture
when you make it the same day
or when you put it in the refrigerator overnight.
And then we also have
two tablespoons of vanilla extract.
That's a lot of vanilla extract.
It is, because it really needs
a little bit of some kind of flavor.
All right, so, if you would like
to go ahead and whisk that together.
Just needs mixing, I guess.
Okay, so now let's sift the dry ingredients here.
We have a cup of all-purpose flour.
And then we also have a cup of granulated sugar.
Why are you sifting all that?
Because I want to keep it nice and light.
You want to make sure... there ain't no lumps.
Then we also have a teaspoon of baking powder.
Double-action baking powder.
This is a half teaspoon, so I'll do this twice.
And then we also have a half teaspoon of baking soda.
Why do we need the soda?
Well, it helps to activate it
and help it rise.
You just like soda.
I like soda.
( both laugh )
Not diet soda... soda.
Get this all sifted out.
And I'm also going to add a quarter teaspoon of salt
and since I always use kosher salt in baking
I'm going to add it right to my pile of sifted ingredients.
Now, why do you use kosher salt?
I find that it melts into cake batters a little bit better
and you don't have that real iodized salt taste.
Okay, so now we have our dry ingredients.
And if you'll whisk, I'll pour.
And we want to do this gradually
because you want to keep it nice and light.
Nice having two people.
That's right-- always invite somebody over
before you make this cake.
There you are.
Okay, now I'm going to take
these nicely whipped egg whites
and fold a little bit of this into the batter
just to lighten it up a little bit.
I guess you always do that.
Well, the heavier the batter
the more chance you have
of deflating your egg whites.
So, this lightens it up.
I can hold that for you.
Thank you very much.
Make sure you scrape the bowl all the way--
you don't want to leave a half a cup of batter behind.
And now we'll fold these all together.
That's always so important
of how to fold, isn't it?
You want to turn the bowl.
Right, you want to turn the bowl.
You want to always go in the same direction.
If you start changing directions, going back and forth
you'll deflate the egg whites
and then you won't have nearly the volume
that you need to fill in the pan.
And a great big spatula helps, doesn't it?
Yes, it does.
Well, you know, when you make anything
the right tools really make the difference.
You want to make sure you get every bit of it.
We don't want to leave any white streaks.
Okay, now... we need that sheet pan over there.
We have a nice jelly roll pan
that's been sprayed with vegetable spray.
Put a layer of parchment paper on that.
I sprayed it again
and then I tapped a little all-purpose flour in there.
That looks lovely as it's going in there.
It's nice to know that the standard chiffon cake recipe
will do so many things, isn't it?
It's very versatile.
You can, um, do all kinds of things with it.
As a matter of fact at Spago in Las Vegas
you can imagine I have requests
for wedding cakes all the time.
And I really like to use a chiffon cake.
And I give people the option
of a chocolate chiffon or vanilla
or a lemon chiffon.
I think, so far, the lemon chiffon
is pretty much the favorite
when it comes to a wedding cake.
And there is a nice recipe of yours
in our new book that goes with this TV series
for the lemon chiffon.
As a matter of fact, there is.
There is, indeed.
Then when you're spreading this out
you want to work quickly
but you want to make sure it's nice and even.
And I like to use long strokes
as opposed to trying to fit it into the corners.
And we'll just give it a little tap.
So there won't be any air bubbles.
Then it goes into the oven.
We'll bake it in an oven
350 degrees, ten to 12 minutes.
Now we're going to do your walnut mousse.
Is this your invention?
Yes... to some extent.
I didn't invent mousse
but I think I invented this walnut mousse.
Okay, what we're going to do
is put six ounces
or one and two-thirds of a cup
of toasted walnuts-- lightly toasted-- into a food processor.
And we'll get those... all nice and small.
You want to turn it on and off.
And then to that we're going to add
some walnut oil.
That's so you get
a fully walnut taste there.
Now, you can add safflower oil
if you live in a part of the country
that you can't find walnut oil.
And then I would suggest
adding a little walnut extract to that.
We'll process that till a nice paste forms.
Mostly when you're chopping nuts
you want to avoid getting them oily.
Now you want to.
You want the oil to come out in this.
And then, over there, we have five ounces
of melted bittersweet chocolate.
And I have used melted milk chocolate in this
and it comes out very well.
Oh, either one.
So I'm going to take the top off
to add this into it.
Isn't that nice?
And then we'll just process that a little bit more
till it's nicely combined.
Now, we'll just leave that... on the side
while we make a sugar syrup
out of a third of a cup of granulated sugar
and a quarter cup of water.
We'll bring that to a boil.
And then we're going to whisk that
into our egg yolks, which we have three of.
And since this is a very small quantity
it will come to a boil quickly.
Now that our sugar syrup has come to a boil
we're going to start to cook the yolks.
We have three egg yolks in here
and you may be wondering
why I have them in such a big bowl.
I was wondering.
Okay, and I'll explain it to you:
We have them in a big bowl
because this is the bowl that's going on the machine
so we might as well save ourselves a bowl to clean--
wouldn't you say?
And I'm going to stir that.
You're going to stir that
while I pour in the boiling sugar syrup.
And it's important that the sugar syrup is boiling
when this goes in.
And this, you do it very slowly
so as not to... scramble the eggs.
To hurt the fragile, little eggs.
There you are.
All you want to do is whisk that
until it's hot to the touch.
Okay, now that's hot to the touch, wouldn't you say?
Now we'll take it
put it right onto the machine.
And we're going to beat that at a high speed
until it's doubled in volume.
And you want to do this quickly
because you want it to cool while it's being whipped.
And when I say "cool to the touch"
all you need to do is feel the bottom of the bowl.
Well, that's hot.
That's still hot.
This is a wonderful idea that this machine has.
Have to put it up again.
You can either put boiling water...
or ice in here.
There, is that on?
And we'll put down again.
this will make it a little faster.
It certainly will.
I think we're there.
See... is it cold?
Okay, now we'll just take this off.
Sure cut down the time on that, didn't it?
Oh, it's just wonderful.
And that's really...
that's really holding its shape in there, too.
All ready for the chocolate and walnut mixture to go in.
And now I think we'll use that glass bowl over there...
So you can get a better picture of it.
See how nice and thick that is?
It's lovely, yeah.
Now we'll add
our chocolate walnut paste to that.
And you don't have to worry
about this chocolate and walnut mixture
sitting too long because the oil in it--
and you brought out all the natural oil of the walnuts--
it keeps it fairly liquid for quite a while.
A tiny, little extra there.
I'll put it in for you.
There's a teaspoon extra.
Just mix this together.
And then we'll fold in the cup of cream
that we've already whipped.
And I'm going to fold as you add that together.
This is going to be awfully nice.
That's a real mousse, isn't it?
Could you make this somewhat ahead?
Oh, sure, you could make this a day ahead, easily.
Even with the whipped cream in it?
And just fridge it.
Yeah, and then just give it
a nice stir before you use it.
That'd be just fine.
I think we'll have to taste it
to see how it is, don't you think?
Mmm, that looks beautiful.
Well, that's very useful to know you can make that ahead.
And, actually, this is a recipe into itself, too.
You can serve this as a dessert just as is.
In a cup, hmm-mm.
And now we have our filling for our vanilla chiffon roll...
And I'm also going to use caramelized walnuts
as a decoration for the top
and I'll show you how I do that.
Oh, great... good!
What we have in this pan is a half a cup of granulated sugar
and we're just putting it
right over a medium to a medium-high flame.
And you want to keep it moving all the time
because you don't want it to burn in one spot
because once caramel burns in a...
It's already caramelized too, isn't it?
Yeah, it's very quick.
There's no water in it or anything.
No, I don't use water
but if you feel more comfortable...
if you need that extra time
then it doesn't make any difference.
All you have to do is evaporate the water... boil it out.
Well, this is certainly quicker.
And the reason I use a fork instead of a wooden spoon
is because I want to be able to break up the sugar crystals.
And if you just want to check it every once in a while
hold it up to the light
and see the color of your caramel.
You want to have it nice and golden.
You have to keep lifting it up
so you can see, don't you?
Okay, beautiful... we're there.
So I have the walnuts on a piece of wax paper.
I'm going to do two at a time.
So all I need to do is just put that in there.
Just tap it a few times.
Rather like dipping truffles in chocolate.
This is very easy to do, isn't it?
Mm-hmm... and you want to work quickly
because it will end up getting extremely dark after a while.
And I'll tell you a great hint
for cleaning out a pot that has caramel in it.
What you do is whatever caramel is left over
let it cool off just a little bit
and it will start to harden
and then take some hot tap water
and then just put it back on the fire and let it boil.
And then what it does is it loosens up all the caramel
and then you just pour it out.
Well, that certainly is very easy.
And while these are cooling, so we're able to handle them
we're going to roll up our mousse
in our vanilla chiffon layer.
Great, then we'll eat it.
Then we'll eat it.
It's very tender, isn't it?
Nice and soft, and it's still really moist
so we'll be able to roll it easily without it cracking.
If you overcook it, then it will all crack, won't it?
Right, but an easier remedy to that is
make a little sugar syrup and then brush it on.
Oh, that's a good idea.
And it will reconstitute it almost.
Okay, so the easiest way, I find
to turn out a sheet pan like this
is to sprinkle
a little bit of granulated sugar on top
because, as you can feel
it's a little bit on the tacky side-- it's a little wet
and you don't want it to stick to anything and this kind of helps it
to not stick.
I think the big secret
of a jelly role is how to get it out and roll it up.
Oh, I'll tell you my big secret
if you tell me yours.
I don't have one.
I just take another piece of parchment paper...
put that over there
and then invert a pan, another sheet pan--
it doesn't have to be exactly the same size--
just a little bit bigger is fine.
Flip it over...
Well, that's very clever.
Voilàà... now what?
Now what we're going to do is
we're going to roll it up.
But we're going to need a little help rolling it up
and I use the original piece
of parchment paper.
And I'm just going to loosen it.
Can you roll it from either the short or the long sides?
I roll it the long way.
For more drama.
Otherwise you'll have a...
That's coming off beautifully.
That's because it was buttered and floured, I guess.
That's the key.
You don't want to glue it.
And then since this does have the oil on it, the paper
I'm going to use it
just to flip it over.
Flip it over again?
Okay... take this pan again.
Now, why do we need so many flippings?
I'll show you.
I could've just taken it off of there
and put it right on the table
but then when I'm all rolled up
I need to pick it up and put it into the refrigerator.
This makes it a lot easier.
Yeah, you have to think of all those things.
You don't have to hold it too much.
It's trial and error-- the first time I did this I didn't do it.
Okay, now I'm going to cut off the very edge of it
because that's the...
that's the part that will keep you from getting a really nice roll.
And it's important to do this.
And then, of course, you need to know
what your cake is going to taste like.
See, look at this texture.
Now, that's a chiffon cake.
You want to see all...
Because it does have the holes in it.
Right, you want to see some air pockets in there.
You want to see that it's nicely risen.
It's kind of subtle, too, isn't it?
That's the important part.
What do you do with these besides eat them yourself?
Just eat them.
Or if you needed cake crumbs for something.
Sure, you could toast these.
That would be nice.
Sprinkle them around the sides of the plate for decoration
would be very nice.
That's very clever now that you don't have any edges
getting in your way.
And you really haven't cut off too much of it either.
And now I'm using this paper as my guide to roll it up
which is why I left that paper on in the first place.
Now we take our walnut mousse...
that has been chilled for a few hours.
And that looks lovely.
That looks sort of very light
with nice holes in it.
You always want these... what they call offset...
Okay, now we're going to start it
by folding that over ever so slightly
and then using this, we just help ourselves along...
and then lift it up...
and then we have our nice roll.
Now, you want to keep this pretty tight
and what I do, at this point
is just take a fork
and then just tuck the paper in underneath
and then we're going to refrigerate this for a few hours.
Otherwise you wouldn't be able to slice it.
And I don't have to pick it up.
All I have to do is take the tray.
Then we'll put it in the refrigerator and then we'll decorate it.
Here she comes!
Here we go!
It's all nice and cold.
It's been in the refrigerator for two hours
so now we can unwrap it.
See how nice that is--
it's all sealed.
How long can you leave it in the fridge?
Oh, you could leave it in overnight.
Could you freeze it?
You could... and then I would suggest
thawing it out in the refrigerator
instead of at room temperature.
So I'm going to decorate it right on here
because we're going to put it on this beautiful white platter.
I'm just going to trim the edges
and, again, you always need to have your tasting pieces, right?
And then I've taken little strips of parchment paper...
I'm just going to lay those straight across.
And you can do any kind of pattern for this, too.
You don't have to have perfectly made strips.
You can have strips at an angle.
And then I'm going to take some cocoa powder...
Oh, I see... yes.
Put that on there.
The strips keeps it uncocoaed.
That's a nice idea.
You use any special cocoa?
I like to use a good quality cocoa
because the better the quality, the darker...
The darker it is.
Then I'm also going to take a little confectioners' sugar
and just a little teeny bit of that like it's snowing.
This would be a good Christmas dessert, wouldn't you say?
It certainly would, yes.
And now I'm going to carefully take off these pieces of parchment.
Oh, that's nice.
And if you make this with a chocolate chiffon
we can do just powdered sugar
and then it really stands out.
It looks like a nice, striped roll.
There are those walnuts.
Okay, now we'll just place the walnuts.
Oh, those make a very nice decoration.
Aren't they pretty?
And, now, you have this wonderful spatula
so I am going to attempt to pick this up.
Don't ask me where it came from because I don't know.
And we'll just place that there.
And since it is cold and right out of the refrigerator
it's very easy to move.
Now we'll just decorate this with some mint sprigs.
In the wintertime it will be great to have some cranberries.
Just throw some cranberries around on the plate.
Now I think we should try it.
I do, too.
Okay, so I'm going to give us a nice, big slice.
Put it on this plate.
That is a nice, big slice.
A little garnish!
That's very, very nice.
Now shall we dig in?
I think we should.
I think we should.
That's a lovely, kind of subtle filling, isn't it?
Good combination, I would say.
I'm delighted to see this dessert.
I never thought of a chiffon cake as a jelly roll
and this lovely walnut.
It works really well.
Very, very well.
The walnuts are a wonderful idea.
Mary, thank you very much.
You've given us a very good lesson
and I thank you.
Julia's gotducational Foundation]
Julia: Bon appétit!