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Supreme Revenge: Battle for the Court

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SUPREME REVENGE: Battle for the Court (2020)

DIRECTED BY
Michael Kirk

WRITTEN BY
Michael Kirk & Mike Wiser

PRODUCED BY
Michael Kirk
Mike Wiser
Philip Bennett

PRODUCED & REPORTED BY
Jim Gilmore
Gabrielle Schonder

EDITORS
Steve Audette, ACE
Elliott Choi

PRODUCTION EXECUTIVE
Colette Neirouz Hanna

POST PRODUCTION SUPERVISOR
Elliott Choi

DIRECTOR OF PHOTOGRAPHY
Ben McCoy

NARRATOR
Will Lyman

ASSOCIATE PRODUCER
Olivia DelVecchio

GFX EDITOR
Elliott Choi

RESEARCHER
Brooke Nelson

PRODUCTION ASSISTANT
Alana Schwartz

ORIGINAL MUSIC
John E. Low

SOUND
Jason Pawlak

ASSISTANT CAMERA
Christopher Horne
David Randag
Bec Asmar

ONLINE EDITOR/COLORIST
Jim Ferguson

SOUND MIX
Jim Sullivan

VOICEOVER
Mike McNally

LEGAL
Ken Fishkin

ACCOUNTANT
Joseph Shulman

SPECIAL THANKS
Christopher Randall

ARCHIVAL MATERIALS
ABC News VideoSource
Alamy
Alex Edelman/SIPA/Newscom
Andrea Mohin/The New York Times/Redux
Andrew Harnik/UPI/Newscom
Associated Press
Axiom Images
Bill Clark/CQ Roll Call/Newscom
Carlos Barria/Reuters/Newscom
Chris Kleponis/POOL/EPA-EFE/Shutterstock
Chris Wattie/Reuters/Newscom
CNN
Damon Winter/The New York Times/Redux
David Scull/The New York Times/Redux
Doug Mills/The New York Times/Redux
Douglas Graham/Roll Call Photos/Newscom
Erin Schaff/The New York Times/Redux
Evan Vucci/AP/Shutterstock
Gabriella Demczuk/Pool/Zuma Press/Newscom
Getty Images
J Scott Applewhite/AP/Shutterstock
Jim Bourg/Reuters/Newscom
Jim Graham/Redux
Jonathan Ernst/The New York Times/Redux
Jose R. Lopez/The New York Times/Redux
Kinolibrary
Larry Downing/Reuters/Newscom
Leah Millis/Reuters/Newscom
Library of Congress
Mark Peterson/Redux
Mark Reinstein/Zuma Press/Newscom
NBCUniversal Archives
NPR
Oliver Contreras/The New York Times/Redux
Oyez
Patrick Semansky/AP/Shutterstock
Patrick Semansky/Pool Xinhua/Redux
Phil Pasquini/Shutterstock
Pond5
Reuters
Roger L. Wollenberg/UPI/Newscom
Shutterstock
T.J. Kirkpatrick/The New York Times/Redux
Tom Brenner/The New York Times/Redux
Tom Williams/CQ Roll Call/Newscom
Toya Sarno Jordan/Reuters/Newscom
Unity Archive Project
Wazee Digital/CBS News
WPA Film Library

ADDITIONAL MATERIALS
Al Jazeera
Bloomberg
Business Insider
Buzzfeed
CBS News
Chicago Tribune
CSPAN
Deutsche Welle
El Paso Times
Elton John
FOX News Channel
George H.W. Bush Presidential Library and Museum
Jollies
KRON
Los Angeles Times
Messenger Inquirer
MSNBC
News Nation Now
NewsHour
Official White House Photo by Andrea Hanks
Official White House photo by Joyce N. Boghosian
Official White House Photo by Shealah Craighead
Oxford University Press
People for the American Way
Politico
Ronald Reagan Presidential Library
The Arizona Republic
The Boston Globe
The Danville News
The New American
The New York Times
The New Yorker
The Post-Crescent
The Wall Street Journal
The Washington Post
Townhall
USA Today
Vanderbilt Television News Archives
WCPO-TV

Original funding for this program was provided by public television stations, Corporation for Public Broadcasting, John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, Ford Foundation, Abrams Foundation, Park Foundation, John and Helen Glessner Family Trust, FRONTLINE Journalism Fund with major support from Jon and Jo Ann Hagler and additional support from the Charina Endowment Fund.

FOR FRONTLINE

PRODUCTION MANAGER
Megan McGough Christian

SENIOR PROMOTION PRODUCER
Missy Frederick

SENIOR EDITOR
Barry Clegg

PRODUCTION COORDINATOR
Brenna Verre

ASSISTANT EDITOR
Joey Mullin

PRODUCTION ASSISTANT
Stevie Jones

FOR GBH OUTPOST

SENIOR DIRECTOR OF PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY
Tim Mangini

INTERNS
Emma Davis
Aviwe DuBois
Barbara Losseau
Claudia Rosado
Juliana Torres
Alexis Weaver

SERIES MUSIC
Mason Daring
Martin Brody

EXECUTIVE ASSISTANT
Will Farrell

OUTREACH SPECIALIST
Joshua Rae

IMPACT PRODUCER
Erika Howard

DIGITAL WRITER & AUDIENCE DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIST
Patrice Taddonio

AUDIENCE ENGAGEMENT EDITOR
Anahita Pardiwalla

DATA ANALYST
Ben Abrams

ASSISTANT EDITOR, DIGITAL
Tessa Maguire

SERIES PUBLICITY MANAGER
Anne Husted

DIGITAL PRODUCTION ASSISTANT
Lucie Sullivan

PODCAST PRODUCER
James Edwards

SERIES PODCAST PRODUCER
Max Green

ARCHIVES & RIGHTS MANAGER
John Campopiano

FOR GBH LEGAL
Eric Brass
Jay Fialkov
Janice Flood

CONTRACTS CONSULTANT
Junshi Lu

SENIOR CONTRACTS MANAGER
Gianna DeGiulio

BUSINESS MANAGER
Sue Tufts

BUSINESS DIRECTOR
Mary Sullivan

SENIOR DEVELOPER
Anthony DeLorenzo

LEAD DESIGNER FOR DIGITAL
Dan Nolan

FRONTLINE/COLUMBIA JOURNALISM SCHOOL FELLOWSHIPS

ABRAMS JOURNALISM FELLOWS
Dan Glaun
Zoe Todd

TOW JOURNALISM FELLOW
Lila Hassan

FRONTLINE/NEWMARK JOURNALISM SCHOOL AT CUNY FELLOWSHIP
Shantal Riley

FRONTLINE/FIRELIGHT INVESTIGATIVE JOURNALISM FELLOWS
Assia Boundaoui
Andrés Caballero
Jacqueline Olive
PJ Raval

EDITORIAL CONSULTANTS
Lauren Prestileo
Callie T. Wiser

REPORTER
Marcia Robiou

DIGITAL REPORTER
Katie Worth

DIGITAL REPORTER & PRODUCER
Priyanka Boghani

DIGITAL PRODUCER/EDITOR
Miles Alvord

HOLLYHOCK FILMMAKER IN RESIDENCE
Abby Ellis

SERIES PRODUCER AND EDITOR
Michelle Mizner

INVESTIGATIVE PRODUCER
Daffodil J. Altan

EDITORIAL COORDINATING PRODUCER
Katherine Griwert

DIGITAL EDITOR
Jennifer Wehunt

POST COORDINATING PRODUCER
Robin Parmelee

SENIOR EDITOR AT LARGE
Louis Wiley Jr

FOUNDER, EXECUTIVE PRODUCER AT LARGE
David Fanning

SPECIAL COUNSEL
Dale Cohen

SPECIAL PROJECTS EDITOR
Philip Bennett

SENIOR EDITOR
Lauren Ezell Kinlaw

DIRECTOR OF DIGITAL VIDEO
Carla Borras

SENIOR PRODUCERS
Dan Edge
Frank Koughan

SENIOR EDITOR & DIRECTOR OF LOCAL PROJECTS
Sarah Childress

MANAGING EDITOR
Andrew Metz

MANAGING DIRECTOR
Jim Bracciale

EXECUTIVE PRODUCER
Raney Aronson-Rath

A FRONTLINE Production with Kirk Documentary Group

© 2019, 2020
WGBH Educational Foundation
All Rights Reserved

FRONTLINE is a production of GBH and is solely responsible for its content.

SUPREME REVENGE (2019)

DIRECTED BY
Michael Kirk

WRITTEN BY
Michael Kirk & Mike Wiser

PRODUCED BY
Michael Kirk
Mike Wiser
Philip Bennett

PRODUCED & REPORTED BY
Jim Gilmore
Gabrielle Schonder

EDITOR
Steve Audette, ACE

PRODUCTION EXECUTIVE
Colette Neirouz Hanna

POST PRODUCTION SUPERVISOR
Elliott Choi

DIRECTOR OF PHOTOGRAPHY
Ben McCoy

NARRATOR
Will Lyman

ASSOCIATE PRODUCER
Olivia DelVecchio

GFX EDITOR
Elliott Choi

RESEARCHER
Brooke Nelson

PRODUCTION ASSISTANT
Alana Schwartz

ORIGINAL MUSIC
John E. Low

SOUND
Jason Pawlak

ONLINE EDITOR/COLORIST
Jim Ferguson

SOUND MIX
Jim Sullivan

VOICEOVER
Mike McNally

LEGAL
Ken Fishkin

ACCOUNTANT
Joseph Shulman

ARCHIVAL MATERIALS
ABC News VideoSource
Alamy
Alex Edelman/SIPA/Newscom
Andrea Mohin/The New York Times/Redux
Andrew Harnik/UPI/Newscom
Associated Press
Axiom Images
Bill Clark/CQ Roll Call/Newscom
Carlos Barria/Reuters/Newscom
CC BY Image courtesy of University of Virginia Law Library
CC BY Image courtesy of Virginia Law Weekly and University of Virginia Law Library
Chris Wattie/Reuters/Newscom
CNN
Damon Winter/The New York Times/Redux
David Scull/The New York Times/Redux
Doug Mills/The New York Times/Redux
Douglas Graham/Roll Call Photos/Newscom
Erin Schaff/The New York Times/Redux
Gabriella Demczuk/Pool/Zuma Press/Newscom
George Bush Presidential Library and Museum
Getty Images
Jim Bourg/Reuters/Newscom
Jonathan Ernst/The New York Times/Redux
Jose R. Lopez/The New York Times/Redux
Kevin Dietsch/UPI/Newscom
Kinolibrary
Larry Downing/Reuters/Newscom
Leah Millis/Reuters/Newscom
Library of Congress
M. Scott Mahaskey/Politico
Mark Peterson/Redux
Mark Reinstein/Zuma Press/Newscom
National Archives (60-NP-1542A-2)
NBCUniversal Archives
NPR
Oyez
Photograph courtesy of Yale Law School
Reuters
Roger L. Wollenberg/UPI/Newscom
Ronald Reagan Presidential Library
Shutterstock
Tom Brenner/The New York Times/Redux
Tom Williams/CQ Roll Call/Newscom
Toya Sarno Jordan/Reuters/Newscom
Unity Archive Project
Vanderbilt Television News Archives
Wazee Digital/CBS News
WPA Film Library

Original funding for this program was provided by public television stations, Corporation for Public Broadcasting, John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, Ford Foundation, Abrams Foundation, Park Foundation, John and Helen Glessner Family Trust, FRONTLINE Journalism Fund with major support from Jon and Jo Ann Hagler, additional support from Charina Endowment Fund.

FOR FRONTLINE

PRODUCTION MANAGER
Megan McGough Christian

SENIOR PROMOTION PRODUCER
Missy Frederick

ON-AIR PROMOTION EDITOR
Barry Clegg

PRODUCTION COORDINATOR
Brenna Verre

ASSISTANT EDITOR
Joey Mullin

POST PRODUCTION ASSISTANT
Tessa Maguire

FOR WGBH OUTPOST

DIRECTOR OF POST PRODUCTION
Chris Fournelle

SENIOR DIRECTOR OF PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY
Tim Mangini

INTERN
Joann Kohng

SERIES MUSIC
Mason Daring
Martin Brody

IMPACT PRODUCER
Erika Howard

SENIOR DIRECTOR OF STRATEGY & AUDIENCE
Pamela Johnston

DIGITAL WRITER & AUDIENCE DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIST
Patrice Taddonio

AUDIENCE ENGAGEMENT EDITOR
Katherine Griwert

PUBLICIST
Diane Buxton

DATA ANALYST
Ben Abrams

AUDIENCE ENGAGEMENT SPECIALIST
Anne Husted

DIGITAL MARKETING ASSISTANT
Sara Platnick

EDITORIAL ASSISTANT
Julia Rod

SERIES COORDINATING PRODUCER
Amy Gaines

ARCHIVES & RIGHTS MANAGER
John Campopiano

LEGAL
Eric Brass
Jay Fialkov
Janice Flood

SENIOR CONTRACTS MANAGER
Gianna DeGiulio

BUSINESS MANAGER
Sue Tufts

BUSINESS DIRECTOR
Mary Sullivan

DEVELOPER
Anthony DeLorenzo

SENIOR DIGITAL DESIGNER
Dan Nolan

FRONTLINE/COLUMBIA JOURNALISM SCHOOL FELLOWSHIPS

ABRAMS JOURNALISM FELLOW
Marcia Robiou

TOW JOURNALISM FELLOW
Catherine Trautwein

FRONTLINE/NEWMARK JOURNALISM SCHOOL
AT CUNY FELLOWSHIP

TOW JOURNALISM FELLOW
Rahima Nasa

DIGITAL REPORTER
Katie Worth

DIGITAL REPORTER & PRODUCER
Priyanka Boghani

DIGITAL CONTENT CREATOR
Miles Alvord

SERIES PRODUCER AND EDITOR
Michelle Mizner

INVESTIGATIVE PRODUCER
Daffodil Altan

DIGITAL EDITOR
Abby Johnston

SENIOR EDITOR & DIRECTOR OF LOCAL PROJECTS
Sarah Childress

SENIOR STORY EDITOR
Lauren Ezell Kinlaw

POST COORDINATING PRODUCER
Robin Parmelee

DIRECTOR OF DIGITAL VIDEO
Carla Borras

SENIOR EDITOR AT LARGE
Louis Wiley Jr.

SPECIAL COUNSEL
Dale Cohen

SENIOR PRODUCERS
Dan Edge
Frank Koughan

SPECIAL PROJECTS EDITOR
Philip Bennett

MANAGING EDITOR
Andrew Metz

MANAGING DIRECTOR
Jim Bracciale

EXECUTIVE PRODUCER AT LARGE
David Fanning

EXECUTIVE PRODUCER
Raney Aronson-Rath

A FRONTLINE Production with Kirk Documentary Group, Ltd.

©2019 WGBH Educational Foundation
All Rights Reserved

FRONTLINE is a production of WGBH/Boston which is solely responsible for its content.