This is a good capsule history of Kosovo-Serb relations over the centuries
which provides the context for understanding the 1998-99 war over Kosovo. It
is excerpted from the forthcoming book, Winning Ugly: NATO's War to Save
Kosovo, by Ivo Daalder and Michael O'Hanlon.
This is the 'Summary' from the U.S. Department of Defense's January 2000
report on its Kosovo engagement. It sketches the issues which need to be
addressed in any future joint operations with allies, including impacts on the
U.S. military's planning, process and engagements, and the effect of joint
operations on U.S.commitments elsewhere in the world.
The Kosovo conflict can only be understood in the context of Balkan history and
Serbian nationalist ideas of a 'greater Serbia.' The Judges of the
International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia at the Hague called
on Professor Paul Garde to give an historic overview of the Balkans region.
Divided into topic areas, it's an important and absorbing account of this region's mix of history,
religion, grievances and murderous ambition.
Following the collapse of Yugoslavia in 1991, America's last ambassador there,
Warren Zimmerman, wrote this cable to the U.S. Secretary of State. It's a
bitter assessment, and part elegy, for the end of that country and focuses in
part on Milosevic's role in its destruction.
Jim Hooper, former senior U.S. diplomat, analyzes the politics and diplomacy
in the Dayton Peace Accords which factored into the failure of the U.S. and
NATO to secure the indictment of war criminals like Slobodan Milosevic during
the Bosnia war. Hooper wrote this article in 1997 and prophetically notes that
the US/NATO failure to indict would embolden Milosevic to prepare for more
ethnic cleansing in Kosovo.
In May 1999--in the middle of NATO's war against him-- Serb President Slobodan
Milosevic became the first sitting head of state to be charged with war crimes
in the middle of an armed conflict. Many, however, say it should have happened
years earlier. In this article, experts are asked to weigh the various
reasons why Milsoveic wasn't indicted earlier for his role in crimes against
humanity in the mid-1990s in Croatia and Bosnia.