war in europe


how it was fought
ethnic cleansing
for moral values?

The Roots of the War

This is a good capsule history of Kosovo-Serb relations over the centuries which provides the context for understanding the 1998-99 war over Kosovo. It is excerpted from the forthcoming book, Winning Ugly: NATO's War to Save Kosovo, by Ivo Daalder and Michael O'Hanlon.
Kosovo/Operation Allied Force After-Action Report

This is the 'Summary' from the U.S. Department of Defense's January 2000 report on its Kosovo engagement. It sketches the issues which need to be addressed in any future joint operations with allies, including impacts on the U.S. military's planning, process and engagements, and the effect of joint operations on U.S.commitments elsewhere in the world.
An Expert's Overview on the Balkans region and the Break Up of Yugoslavia

The Kosovo conflict can only be understood in the context of Balkan history and Serbian nationalist ideas of a 'greater Serbia.' The Judges of the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia at the Hague called on Professor Paul Garde to give an historic overview of the Balkans region. Divided into topic areas, it's an important and absorbing account of this region's mix of history, religion, grievances and murderous ambition.
The Last Cable

Following the collapse of Yugoslavia in 1991, America's last ambassador there, Warren Zimmerman, wrote this cable to the U.S. Secretary of State. It's a bitter assessment, and part elegy, for the end of that country and focuses in part on Milosevic's role in its destruction.
Dayton's Mandate for Apprehending War Criminals

Jim Hooper, former senior U.S. diplomat, analyzes the politics and diplomacy in the Dayton Peace Accords which factored into the failure of the U.S. and NATO to secure the indictment of war criminals like Slobodan Milosevic during the Bosnia war. Hooper wrote this article in 1997 and prophetically notes that the US/NATO failure to indict would embolden Milosevic to prepare for more ethnic cleansing in Kosovo.
What About Milosevic?

In May 1999--in the middle of NATO's war against him-- Serb President Slobodan Milosevic became the first sitting head of state to be charged with war crimes in the middle of an armed conflict. Many, however, say it should have happened years earlier. In this article, experts are asked to weigh the various reasons why Milsoveic wasn't indicted earlier for his role in crimes against humanity in the mid-1990s in Croatia and Bosnia.

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