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Avoiding Armageddon
Educational Activities

For Teachers
Lesson Plans

1. Biological and Chemical Terrorism: Becoming Prepared
2. The International Role of the United Nations
3. The Laws of Disarmament & Nonproliferation
4. What is Terrorism?
5. Nation Building

Resources

For Parents

For Discussion Leaders

Controversial Issues

Discussion Guide

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Lesson 2 - The International Role of the United Nations
Grades: Subject: Tool and Materials:
9 - 12 Social Studies
(global studies, government)
Paper and Pen
Access to the Internet
Download
PDF version
Background:
This lesson will explore the role of the United Nations' international peacekeeping and peacemaking abilities. The United Nations was designed to "maintain international peace and security" and "to ensure, by the acceptance of principles and the institution of methods, that armed force shall not be used, save in the common interest" (United Nations Charter). In this lesson students will evaluate what the UN can and should do, under its charter, to reduce the threats from terrorists and rogue nations and promote stable economic and political environments throughout the world.
Teaching Strategies — Activities:
Hand out the "United Nations Scavenger Hunt." Using the Internet, have students complete this Scavenger Hunt (Divide class into pairs). Discuss the results of the Scavenger Hunt with the class. What role does the United Nations play in the attempt to maintain peace and security in the world?
UNITED NATIONS SCAVENGER HUNT

Read: The United Nations: An Introduction as a starting point. Then also use the following to complete the questions below (http://www.un.org/aboutun/index.html).

  1. Take the "On-line" Tour of the United Nations Headquarters in New York. Complete the "Tour Quiz" (how did you score?)

  2. What is the purpose of the United Nations?

  3. What does the United Nations do to promote peace?

  4. What does the United Nations do for development?

  5. What does the United Nations do for human rights, justice and international law?

  6. Who works at the United Nations?

  7. What are the goals of the United Nations Millennium Declaration?

  8. How does the United Nations work?

  9. Name and describe the Principal Organs of the United Nations.

  10. How many member countries are in the United Nations? What are the two newest ones? How many members were there when the Charter was signed?

  11. How many countries are members of the Security Council? Who has veto power?

  12. What are the official languages of the United Nations?

  13. Why are the United Nations headquarters located in New York City? Is that area part of the United States? Explain.

  14. What is UNICEF? What are their goals?

  15. What is the UNDP? What are their goals?

  16. What are the goals of the United Nations Department of Peacekeeping Operations?

  17. What are the goals of the UN Department of Political Affairs in regards to "Preventive action and peacemaking"?

  18. How does the United Nations hope to have "Peace and Security through Disarmament"?

  19. How has the United Nations system responded to the threat of terrorism?

  20. What is the United Nations doing to keep terrorists from acquiring mass destruction weapons?
Extensions:
Introduce and discuss the tools of foreign policy used by the international community such as diplomacy, trade relations, foreign aid, boycotts and sanctions and the use of military force. Discuss the differences between bilateral policies and multilateral policies, national security and collective security.
If possible, view Episode Three – "The New Face of Terror: Upping the Ante" and Episode Four "Confronting Terrorism: Turning the Tide" from the "Avoiding Armageddon" series as a class.
Discuss national and global security that can and might be threatened by weapons of mass destruction.
As the film notes, often terrorists can find haven in "failed" nations states where economic, political, military and health crises have led to instability. Discuss the role of the United Nations in such regions and the collaborative international efforts to reduce terrorism, resolve conflicts and assist "failed" nations.
Resources:
United Nations

The United Nations: An Introduction for Students

About the United Nations

The UN in Brief

Image and Reality-Questions and Answers about the UN

UN Treaty Collection

History of the United Nations

United Nations Peacekeeping

Disarmament Department

Permanent Missions to the United Nations

Security Council

United States Mission to the United Nations

UN Fighting Terrorism

Press Release: Strengthened Means to Keep Terrorists
From Acquiring Mass Destruction Weapons


UN Foundation

Weapons of Mass Destruction

Weapons of Mass Destruction

Federation of American Scientists Special Weapons Primer:
Chemical Warfare Agents

Federation of American Scientists Special Weapons Primer:
Nuclear Weapons

Federation of American Scientists Special Weapons Primer:
Biological Warfare Agents (Partial List)

Nuclear Threat Initiative

About the Author:
Christine A. Allen is currently an Educational Consultant & Curriculum Developer (Allen Educational Consultations, LLC, Salem, Oregon). She was a high school social studies teacher for 32 years. Ms Allen is an active member of the National Council for the Social Studies, currently serving on NCSS Revitalizing Citizenship Task Force as the Web site Chair.
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