JOHANNESBURG (AP) — South Africa’s president on Tuesday announced an “extraordinary budget” of $500 billion rand ($26 billion) to address the huge socioeconomic effects of the coronavirus pandemic, saying that “our country and the world we live in will never be the same again.”
President Cyril Ramaphosa in a national address said the “historic” amount is roughly 10% of the country’s GDP. The top priorities are combating the virus and relieving “hunger and social distress” as millions of South Africans struggle to survive, said Ramaphosa, adding that the budget will be described more fully in the coming days.
One-tenth of the new special budget will go toward the country’s most vulnerable people over the next six months in one of the world’s most unequal nations. The pandemic has exacerbated the inequalities, Ramaphosa said.
“We are resolved not merely to return our economy to where it was before the coronavirus, but to forge a new economy in a new global reality,” he said.
“Our new economy must be founded on fairness, empowerment, justice and equality,” said Ramaphosa.
Ramaphosa acknowledged that government food distribution has been unable to meet the “huge need” that has emerged since the lockdown began on March 27. To offset the growing hunger, some 250,000 food parcels will be distributed across the country over the next two weeks, said Ramaphosa, who strongly condemned reports of officials diverting food aid.
“Poverty and food insecurity have deepened dramatically in the course of just a few weeks,” Ramaphosa said.
Local media reports have described in stark detail how families are trying to practice social distancing in crowded shacks in informal settlements. Some communities have been in the dark for weeks or months, unable to meet electricity payments, Clean water often comes from shared community taps, if at all.
Other priorities Ramaphosa described include the protection of companies and workers in a country where the economy had been struggling even before the pandemic.
Ramaphosa said the virus and measures to contain it will continue to take a severe toll “in the weeks and months to come,” with many people losing their jobs. Unemployment already had been 29%.
South Africa’s lockdown is set to continue until May 1. The measures have taken a toll but are “absolutely necessary” to save tens of thousands of lives, Ramaphosa said.
“If we end the lockdown too soon or too abruptly, we risk a massive and uncontrollable resurgence of the disease,” the president said. The loosening of the lockdown will take a “risk-adjusted approach,” he added.
He said he will address the nation on Thursday with details.
“We will therefore follow a phased approach, guided by the best available scientific evidence, to gradually lift the restrictions on economic activity,” said Ramaphosa. “We remain firm in our resolve to contain the transmission of the virus.”
South Africa has the most confirmed virus cases in Africa with 3,465.
Ramaphosa also announced special increases to the monthly social grants upon which about 16 million of South Africa’s 57 million people depend for survival. A large part of the workforce is in the low-income informal sector, which has been hard-hit by the lockdown.
The lockdown has halted most economic activity, with only essential service workers in sectors like food and healthcare allowed to operate.
South Africa’s central bank is projecting the GDP of the most developed economy in sub-Saharan Africa will fall by up to 6.1% this year.
Other African countries are also implementing some relief and social welfare programs for their citizens, although none on the scale of South Africa’s measures.
The Nigerian government has announced it will expand its social welfare register from 2.6 million households to 3.6 million households in the next two weeks, in addition to food distribution, cash transfers and loans repayment waivers.
Namibia is offering emergency income grants to workers who have lost their jobs and Cap Verde has offered cash transfers and food assistance.
Egypt has reduced taxes for industries and postponed taxes on agricultural land, while Ghana has pledged to fully absorb the cost of electricity bills for the “poorest of the poor” and 50% of the cost for all other consumers for the next three months.
The IMF this month approved $500 million of debt-relief funds for 19 of Africa’s poorest nations to help respond to the pandemic.
Through the African Union, the continent’s leaders have appealed to the international community for at least $100 billion to help Africa fight the virus.