February 22, 2011
An Egyptian anti-government demonstrator waves a shoe as he shows his anger during a speech by Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak, who failed to announce his immediate resignation, in Cairo's Tahrir Square on Feb. 10, 2011. PEDRO UGARTE/AFP/Getty Images
As the protest movement in Egypt sent shock waves throughout the country -- and the world -- FRONTLINE dispatched teams to Cairo for this special report.
"This is a story that no one could have predicted, and everyone now wants to know more about," says FRONTLINE executive producer David Fanning. "We're using our new monthly magazine to be able to respond quickly to timely events and help fill the need for added depth and insight on these important breaking stories."
In this hour's lead story, Revolution in Cairo, FRONTLINE gains unique access to the April 6 Youth Movement as they plot strategy, then head out into Cairo's Tahrir Square, hoping to bring down President Hosni Mubarak. The film traces these young Egyptian activists' long road to revolution, as they made increasingly bold use of the Internet in their underground resistance over the last few years. Through sites like Facebook, Twitter and YouTube, the members of April 6 and related groups helped organize a political movement that the secret police did not understand and could not stop, despite the arrest and torture of some of the movement's key members.
For the second story, The Brothers, veteran Middle East correspondent Charles Sennott of GlobalPost is on the ground in Cairo for FRONTLINE to investigate the Muslim Brotherhood, the controversial but poorly understood Islamist political movement that's poised to play a key role in Egypt's future. While the group was absent in Tahrir Square when young demonstrators first ignited Egypt's revolt, the Brotherhood assumed a larger role over the course of the protests, taking frontline positions in rock-throwing battles with regime supporters and helping to run emergency medical clinics. Now that the Muslim Brotherhood stands to take a prominent place at the negotiating table, we examine what the group believes and how it may influence politics in the country and the region.