From guerrilla fighter to brutal dictator of North Korea—how did he build the most controlled society on earth and launch a dictatorship that has lasted for three generations?
To maintain power, he used fear, intimidation and violence like few other dictators in history, but he made the fatal mistake of believing his regime could take on the world.
From undermining judges to indoctrinating children, he forged key tactics for seizing power. He also created fascism, an ideology that would plunge Europe into darkness.
He rose through the Panamanian military to become chief of intelligence—and then, military dictator. Money laundering, drug trafficking and political crimes led to his downfall.
He used the tactics of colonial war to win control of Spain. Driven by a deeply conservative vision, he used torture, murder and incarceration to transform Spanish society.
Through a combination of populist charm and brutal violence, backed up by a vast police state, he ruled Uganda for eight years—until his strategic blunders brought him down.