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Kyrgyz Politics: Exiled Reformer Returns

When I traveled to Kyrgyzstan a few years ago, I had reservations about meeting with Edil Baisalov. At the time, he had lost his funding support through a major U.S. democracy organization and pointed the finger at organization leaders reluctant to further aggravate declining U.S.-Kyrgyz relations. I wasn't sure what to expect from this young reformer or the remote Central Asian country that happens to house the sole U.S. forward operating airbase into Afghanistan.

But the second I met Edil, I was struck by his idealism and charisma. He had spent his senior year of high school in North Carolina and said that year influenced his entire perspective on freedom and democracy.

On our first day, he warned me that the government had begun targeting him for his work fighting corruption and media censorship. Just moments later his phone rang with the message that he was now under investigation for tax fraud. Edil accepted the news with good humor and quoted Henry David Thoreau, telling me that it was only the beginning of the government's crackdown on opposition voices.

It wasn't log before his prediction came true. Just a few weeks after I met with him, he was physically attacked in the south of the country and threatened with jail. He fled the country with his young wife and daughter and was largely confined to the role of internet activist.

I stayed in touch with Edil online, but I worried about him, stateless, and living in exile in Europe. In a strange way, his predicament mirrored that of Kyrgyzstan's -- stuck and not progressing. The country was becoming more and more repressive and U.S. officials worried that democracy, once promised through the Tulip Revolution, was on its way out.

For Edil, good news came late last year when he was accepted into Harvard's Kennedy School of Government. But then just a few weeks ago he wrote that he couldn't go because he didn't qualify for fellowship aid when he was living outside Kyrgyzstan. It seemed the ultimate irony: an activist living in exile unable to study democracy.

Then in April 2010, violent protests rocked the capital Bishkek, and suddenly there was Edil back in the center of things appointed the chief of staff for a new interim government. With his new role, came an evolution of his personality. Although optimism and idealism still inform his view of Kyrgyzstan's future, Edil is realistic about the challenges that lie ahead. Growing from a youthful protester into a real leader, he is someone to watch in the years to come.

REACTIONS

Brooklyn, NY
A rare and personal window into a place that I want to better understand!

(anonymous)
Great Report!

Anders Blewett - Great Falls, MT
As someone who formerly lived in Bishkek during Bakiyev's reign I saw the country going to hell in a handbasket. This interview truly captures the unique opportunity Kyrgyzstan has to create a true democracy. It's comforting to see that people like Edil have a seat at the table in the new government. This story also further validates the importance of the student exchange programs sponsored by the US State Department.

Beth Simmons - New York, NY
This is a really creative piece, and a great way to hear from someone who has become a key player in the ongoing transition in Kyrgystan. It's a complicated topic, but I felt your reporter was able to lead the viewer through. I'd like to see more of these cool Web pieces!