The judges of the War Crimes Tribunal at The Hague called on Professor
Paul Garde to give an historic overview of the Balkans region and Garde then
fielded questions from the judges. Garde's testimony was given June 27-28,
1996. He is a professor of Slav literature and languages and has written many
lingustics books. Since 1991 Garde's research and writing have focused on the
break-up of Yugoslavia.
An explanation of key historical events and
what happened in the early 1990s that led to its disintegration.
A summary of how this Serbian nationalist idea
took hold and what it meant.
An evaluation of Yugoslavia's 'national status' for citizens and how its five 'nations'
after World War II corresponded generally to its republics.
A summary of Tito's strategy for handling the nationalities and,
the importance of the 1974 constitution.
How they became the most ethnically diverse
republics in the former Yugoslavia, and how the different ethnic groups
What led to it and an explanation of the
1986 Serbian intellectuals' memorandum which became the roots of Milosevic's
and Karadzic's ideological campaigns for a 'Greater Serbia." Also the role of
the media in the nationalistic surge.
An explanation of how the policy originated. who
promoted it , how was it defined, and how rape can be used as a weapon for
A brief summary of what happened to the army after Yugoslavia's collapse.