AN EXPERT'S OVERVIEW OF THE COLLAPSE OF YUGOSLAVIA THE WAR AND THE GENOCIDE


The judges of the War Crimes Tribunal at The Hague called on Professor Paul Garde to give an historic overview of the Balkans region and Garde then fielded questions from the judges. Garde's testimony was given June 27-28, 1996. He is a professor of Slav literature and languages and has written many lingustics books. Since 1991 Garde's research and writing have focused on the break-up of Yugoslavia.

Yugoslavia's History

An explanation of key historical events and what happened in the early 1990s that led to its disintegration.

'Greater Serbia:'

A summary of how this Serbian nationalist idea took hold and what it meant.

Yugoslavia's Political Structures and Ethnic Groups

An evaluation of Yugoslavia's 'national status' for citizens and how its five 'nations' after World War II corresponded generally to its republics.

How Tito Handled Outbursts of Nationalism

A summary of Tito's strategy for handling the nationalities and, the importance of the 1974 constitution.

Bosnia and Herzegovina

How they became the most ethnically diverse republics in the former Yugoslavia, and how the different ethnic groups interacted.

The Rise of Nationalism:

What led to it and an explanation of the 1986 Serbian intellectuals' memorandum which became the roots of Milosevic's and Karadzic's ideological campaigns for a 'Greater Serbia." Also the role of the media in the nationalistic surge.

Ethnic Cleansing

An explanation of how the policy originated. who promoted it , how was it defined, and how rape can be used as a weapon for ethnic cleansing.

The Yugoslav Peoples Army

A brief summary of what happened to the army after Yugoslavia's collapse.

 


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