A correspondent for The New York Times since 1977, she has covered Osama bin Laden since 1993. In this interview, conducted September 12, 2001, Miller discusses what was learned about bin Laden's network from the trials of the 1998 U.S. embassy terrorists and from the failed series of terrorist attacks planned to coincide with the millennium celebrations. She also discusses the warnings prior to the September 11, 2001, attack on the Pentagon and destruction of the World Trade Center.
A former CIA officer, Johnson was deputy director of the U.S. State Department Office of Counterterrorism from 1989 to 1993. In this interview, conducted September 12, 2001, he explains why our perception of Osama bin Laden and his organization may be wrong, what we know about bin Laden's involvement in the 1998 embassy bombings and the 2000 USS Cole attack, and the degree of warnings leading up to the September 11, 2001, terrorist attack on the U.S.
Risen is a New York Times reporter who covers U.S. intelligence. In this interview, conducted September 12, 2001, he discusses what's been learned about bin Laden's organization, the strategy it used in attacking the USS Cole in October 2000, and what has been learned from the September 11, 2001, terrorist attack on the U.S.
This trial, which began in January 2001 and concluded in May 2001, offers a revealing glimpse into bin Laden's Al Qaeda terrorist network and how it operated in planning the 1998 U.S. embassy bombings. Included here are excerpts from the testimony of key U.S. government witnesses who provided crucial information about the workings of bin Laden's network.
This outlines the FBI's early theories about the bombings and who was responsible. Intelligence sources say the theories have changed somewhat since this document was written in November 1998, but the key facts remain the same. The document clearly outlines the basis for the U.S. government's case against bin Laden and the other suspects in the 1998 bombings.
On the day the U.S. embassies were bombed (August 7, 1998), Mohammed Saddiq Odeh was arrested trying to enter Pakistan with a fake Yemeni passport. Interrogated by Pakistani officials, he eventually admitted being part of the bomb plot. These Pakistani authorities' notes on Odeh's interrogation were used by the FBI to develop their early theories on the bombings. Odeh clearly makes the connection to Osama bin Laden and admits being a member of a bin Laden group in East Africa.
The FRONTLINE and New York Times investigation into Osama bin Laden
uncovered a series of warnings about bin Laden's network in Africa. These
warnings were received by U.S. officials in the year prior to the embassy
Admiral Crowe chaired the Accountability Review Boards appointed by the State Department to investigate facts surrounding the 1998 bombing of the U.S. embassies at Nairobi and Dar es Salaam. Portions of the report were declassified and published on the Web. Crowe concluded that while no U.S. employee or department was at fault, there was "a collective failure by several Administrations and Congresses" to allocate sufficient resources to the security of U.S. diplomatic missions overseas, and he offers a number of recommendations to improve security policies and procedures.