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Interviews conducted September 12, 2001 following the terrorist attack on the World Trade Center and Pentagon

Judith Miller
A correspondent for The New York Times since 1977, she has covered Osama bin Laden since 1993. In this interview, conducted September 12, 2001, Miller discusses what was learned about bin Laden's network from the trials of the 1998 U.S. embassy terrorists and from the failed series of terrorist attacks planned to coincide with the millennium celebrations. She also discusses the warnings prior to the September 11, 2001, attack on the Pentagon and destruction of the World Trade Center.

Larry Johnson
A former CIA officer, Johnson was deputy director of the U.S. State Department Office of Counterterrorism from 1989 to 1993. In this interview, conducted September 12, 2001, he explains why our perception of Osama bin Laden and his organization may be wrong, what we know about bin Laden's involvement in the 1998 embassy bombings and the 2000 USS Cole attack, and the degree of warnings leading up to the September 11, 2001, terrorist attack on the U.S.

James Risen
Risen is a New York Times reporter who covers U.S. intelligence. In this interview, conducted September 12, 2001, he discusses what's been learned about bin Laden's organization, the strategy it used in attacking the USS Cole in October 2000, and what has been learned from the September 11, 2001, terrorist attack on the U.S.

Interviews conducted September 12, 2001 following the terrorist attack on the World Trade Center and Pentagon

Said K. Aburish
He is a Palestinian-born journalist and author of many books on the Middle East, including The Rise, Corruption, and Coming Fall of the House of Saud. He talks about Osama bin Laden's roots in Saudi Arabia's dissident movement--a movement which seeks to drive 'infidel' U.S. forces out of the Saudi kingdom, the land of the two holy mosques of Mecca and Medina.

Dr.Saad Al-Fagih
A Saudi Arabian dissident living in exile in London, he heads the Movement for Islamic Reform in Arabia. As a physician, he took part in the Afghan rebels' war against the Soviet invasion and explains the significance of that war for Muslims throughout the world. As a fellow Saudi dissident, he knows about bin Laden and his views.

Ahmed Sattar
An Egyptian-born U.S.citizen, Sattar acted as a paralegal and spokesman for the "Blind Sheik" Omar Abdel Al Rahman, convicted of conspiring to blow up New York City landmarks. In April 2002, the U.S. indicted Sattar and three others for providing material support for a terrorist organization called the Islamic Group. In this interview (conducted for FRONTLINE's report on Osama bin Laden),Sattar explains why many in the Islam world agree with bin Laden and oppose the United States. He also answers questions about bin Laden's Egyptian supporters and their alleged connections to terrorist events.

Milton Bearden
He was with the Central Intelligence Agency from 1964-1994. As its field officer in Afghanistan, he oversaw the CIA's $3 billion covert aid program for Afghan rebels fighting the Soviets. During the 1980's, he was CIA station chief in the Sudan. He evaluates the Afghan war's importance to the Muslim world and bin Laden's role in it. He also questions classifying the Sudan as a 'terrorist state' and criticizes America's retaliatory missile strike in the Sudan against bin Laden.

Samuel R. Berger
As U.S. National Security Advisor, he was part of a small group advising on the U.S. response to the 1998 East Africa embassy bombings. President Clinton eventually decided to bomb a terrorist training camp in Afghanistan thought to be used by bin Laden and, a pharmaceutical plant in the Sudan.

Larry Johnson
A former CIA officer, he was deputy director of the U.S. State Department Office of Counterterrorism, 1989-1993, and now heads the consulting firm Berg Associates. He explains why he believes the U.S. has often exaggerated the terrorist threat and analyzes the danger posed by Osama bin Laden.

Thomas Pickering
He is U.S. Under-Secretary of State for Political Affairs. In this interview he discusses how Osama bin Laden is a real threat, and why Muslim anger against the U.S. is misdirected.

Omar Hassan Ahmed al-Bashir
He is President of the Republic of the Sudan and led an Islamic fundamentalist revolution in the Sudan which created an Islamic state. Bashir knew and respected bin Laden when he lived in the Sudan, but eventually asked bin Laden to leave because of U.S. and Saudi pressure. Bashir has called for an international investigation into the U.S. strike against the Sudan pharmaceutical plant following the 1998 bombings of the U.S. embassies in East Africa.

Mother-in-Law of Wadih El Hage
An American Muslim nurse, she asked to be interviewed anonymously fearing harassment due to her son-in-law's connection to the Nairobi embassy bombing. She gives her reasons for believing her son-in-law was not involved in the Nairobi bombing.


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