VITAL SIGNS:  Statistics that measure the state of racial inequality

In each issue of The Journal of Blacks in Higher Education, the editors collect statistics bearing on the relative status of blacks and whites, some of which are interesting but not particularly important while others are highly relevant and critical to the measurement of racial progress. The following data was published in the summer and winter 1997 issues.

 


statistic

In 1980, the typical black school student attended a public school that was 36.2% white.
In 1996, the typical black school student attended a public school that was 33.9% white. (Harvard Graduate School of Education)

 


statistic

The percentage of 18-to 24-year old blacks who had completed high school in 1975: 64.8%.
In 1995: 76.9%.
(U.S. Dept of Education)

 


statistic

The percentage of 18- to 24-year old blacks who were enrolled in college in 1975: 20.7%.
In 1995: 27.3%

 


statistic

The percentage of blacks over the age of 25 who had completed four years of high school or more in 1975: 42.5%.
In 1995: 73.8%

 


statistic

Percentage of white Americans who believe "a good education is essential to get ahead": 59%.
Percentage of black Americans who believe this: 54%

 


statistic

Average number of hours of television watched per week in white households: 49.8 hours.
In black households: 73.1 hours.
(BJK&E Media Group)

 


statistic

Percentage of U.S. population that is black: 13%
Percentage of all rape victims in the U.S. who are black: 27.6%
(U.S. Dept. of Justice)

 


statistic

Number of black full-time faculty members in higher education in 1983: 19,571
In 1993: 25, 658
(U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission)

 


statistic

Percentage of white Americans who would be willing to pay more taxes if the revenues were earmarked for education: 68%.
Percentage of Black Americans: 84%.

 


statistic

Percentage of all white children living in the home of their grandparents: 4%.
Percentage of African-American children: 14%.

 


statistic

The number of black men enrolled in higher education in 1995: 556,000

 


statistic

The number of black men incarcerated in federal or state prison or local jails in 1995 : 711,600

 


statistic

The number of black women enrolled in higher education in 1995: 918,000

 


statistic

The number of black women incarcerated in federal or state prison or local jails in 1995: 55,300 (U.S. Dept. of Justice and U.S. Dept of Education)

 


statistic

The chance that a black man in the U.S. will spend some time in a state or federal prison during his lifetime: 28.5%

The chance that a white man in the U.S. will spend some time in a state or federal prsion during his lifetime: 2.5%

The chance a black women in the U.S. will spend some time in a state or federal prison during her lifetime 3.6%

The chance that a white woman in the U.S. will spend some time in a state of federal prison during her lifetime: 0.5% (Bureau of Justice Statistics)

 


statistic

The number of businesss in the U.S. owned by black women in 1987: 172,200.
In 1996: 405,200.
(National Assoc..of Women in Business Owners)

 


statistic

Percentage of non-Hispanic white Americans not covered by any form of health insurance in 1996: 11.5%

Percentage of African Americans not covered by any form of health insurance in 1996: 21.7%
(U.S. Census Bureau)

 


statistic

Percentage of white American workers who say they are confident with their ability to "advance themselves within their present company: 72.9%
Percentage of African-American workers who say this: 87.1%
(Int'l Communications Research, Phil. Pa.)

 


statistic

The percentage, in 1980, of all American teenagers who have dated at one time a person of another racial or ethnic group: 17%
The percentage in 1996: : 57% (USA Today/Gallup poll)

 


statistic

Percentage of black adults who say they have been victims of discrimination: 54%
Percentage of black teenagers who say they have been victims of discrimination: 23%
(Time/CNN poll)

 


statistic

Number of African Americans earning doctorates in 1987:.
In 1996: 1,315
(National Research Council)

 


statistic

Total number of doctorates awarded in 1996 in the fields of geometry, logic, number theory, topology, computing theory, astronomy, astrophysics, acoustics, nuclear chemistry, theoretical chemistry, atmospheric physics and chemistry, meteorology, geology, geochemistry, paleontology, mineralogy, geomophology, hydrology, oceanography, marine science, engineering physics, engineering science, nuclear engineering, ocean engineering, petroleum engineering, systems engineering, biophysics, plant genetics, bacteriology, endocrinology and zoology: 1,605.....

Total number of doctorates awarded to blacks in these fields: 0. (National Research Council)

 


statistic

Total purchasing power (after-tax income available for spending ) of African Americans in 1990 : $304.4 billion.
In 1997: $469.4billion
(The Selig Center)

 


statistic

Number of black graduates from U.S. medical schools in 1980: 783. In 1996: 1,158.
(Assoc. of American Medical Colleges)

Percentage of white Americans who say "Race relations in their communities are excellent or good": 58.7%.
Percentage of black Americans who say this: 38.9%
(Joint Center for Political Studies)

 


statistic

Percentage of white teenagers who believe that colleges and universities should set aside some scholarships exclusively for blacks and other minorities: 55%
(Time/CNN poll)

 


statistic

Percentage of white Americans who say they would vote for Colin Powell over Al Gore in 2000: 54%
Percentage of black Americans who say this: 35%
(Harpers' Magazine)

 

 

 
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