STATUS OF BLACK AMERICA | AFRICAN AMERICAN HISTORY AND CULTURE
GANGSTER RAP | OTHER SITES
This October 1997 article in The New York Review of Books by
George M. Fredrickson reviews recent books on the state of black-white
relations and black economic and social progress. It's a smart and valuable
overview of the authors' various perspectives and analyses. The authors all
claim to speak for liberal values but differ on key issues such as affirmative
action. [Note: Fredrickson's footnotes link to addional NYRB online
articles on race and the state of black America in the late 20th century,
making his article a gateway to other important readings.]
A sharp and fascinating online debate on the state of black progress and
race relations, published by Slate Magazine. It grew out of Kennedy's critical
review of the Thernstroms' 1997 book, America in Black and White: One Nation
Gathered here are a range of articles, most from the '90s, by top
writers such as Robert Coles, Daniel P. Moynihan, Thomas Byrne Edsall, Gerald
Early and Randall Kennedy.
Spanning a century, this 'Flashback' section of The Atlantic Monthly offers
a collection of articles on black students and education issues. You'll find
asessments by social psychologist Claude M. Steele, Booker T. Washington,
Nicholas Lemann, W.E B. Du Bois and Bernard W. Harleston.
The Writings and Work of William Julius Wilson.
Wilson is a leading scholar on race, class and poverty and pioneered
the study of class within the black community. Here is a selection of his
writings and interviews:
In this Mother Jones interview Wilson discusses the policies needed
to attain social and racial equality..
This article appeared in The American Prospect. Wilson lays out why
the movement for real equality needs a new political stratgey for the 1990s
that would appeal to a broader coalition. He also addresses the problems
afflicting minorities that originate in racist practices but won't be solved by
of interesting questions and answers with Wilson, such as--why didn't the
billions spent in the war on poverty remedy the inequities in America's social
The PBS Newshour's Race Relations page collects a range of
1995-to-the-present reports and interviews on race relations, the Million Man
March, Clinton's national dialogue on race, etc. Many of these sections in turn
connect to the ongoing ONLINE NEWSHOUR FORUM on race relations and
additional background reports and archival interviews.
USA Today offers their reports on the event, a profile of
Louis Farrakhan, reactions, analysis and updates a year later. Here too are
futher links (such as to the Nation of Islam's Million Man March home page.) A
good collection for understanding this event and its impact.
Survey Graphic was a journal of social work in America in the
1920s. This March 1925 special issue entitled "Harlem Number" is fascinating.
Allow yourself time to explore its many articles devoted to the African
American Renaissance in Harlem -- what the magazine calls "the dramatic
flowering of a new racespirit." There are lovely discoveries of history and
culture here: from "The Black Man Brings his Gifts" by W.E.B. Du Bois, a wry
fictional work about racism set in an Indiana town, to Charles Johnson's "Black
Workers and the City," to articles such as "Churches in Harlem" and "The
Double Task:The Struggle of Negro Women for Sex and Race Emancipation." It's a
unique and most interesting online archive on early 20th century black American
life and culture.
This is "The Library of Congress Resource Guide for the Study of Black
History and Culture." It highlights the Library's unique collection covering
nearly 500 years of the black experience in the Western hemisphere. This site
offers a glimpse of what kind of material can be found at the Library of
Congress. For example, it links to information about colonization, abolition,
black migration, ex-slave narratives and also presents pictures and original
Black graduate students at the Georgia Institute of Technology have put
together this online collection of works by black scholars and historians
including Frederick Douglass, Harriet Beecher Stowe, Cornel West. This page of
links is part of the larger UBP index on African American history and culture
which links to magazines, newspapers, sports articles, etc.
The country's oldest research center dedicated to the study of the history,
culture, and social institutions of African Americas. You'll find this web
site an important resource with links to the Du Bois Institute's publications,
and information about lectures, events and conferences, graduate programs,
research projects and books.
Here's a selection of definitive articles on life and death of gangster rappers Tupac Shakur and
the Notorious B.I.G. from Quincy Jones' VIBE magazine:
The Notorious B.I.G., a.k.a. Biggie Smalls, Broolyn-born Christopher
Wallace, was shot and killed in May 1997 while driving away from a party at an
Los Angeles nightcub.
This site gathers several VIBE magazine articles on the death of Biggie
Smalls along with profiles and interviews with him detailing his turbulent life
and career in the violent gangster rap music world.
Another article (Sept.'96) from VIBE magazine that enters the dark side of
gangster rap culture and the bad hip hop rivalry between Biggie Smalls and
Troubling, thought-provoking tributes and reactions to his death (as
well as Tupac's) from fans, hip hop analystsand industry insiders. Also
includes reflections on the money, the guns, the media and the hype of the
gangster rap culture.
Announcing that his site "is about more than the sixties protest
movement era" Bobby Seale (the chairman and co-founder, with Huey P. Newton,
of the Black Panther Party), offers his web sites as a nexis for bringing the
sixties movement full circle by connecting civil-human rights issues to
"ecological-economic enviro-epowerment" awareness and action. You will find
here Seale's biography, background on the sixties and some four dozen photos of
Party members and key events during the sixties/early seventies.
From the Univeristy of California, Santa Barbara this site offers various
voices on the affirmative action debate and on multicultural issues. It's a
site mainly for scholars and students offering law review articles, analyses,
policy documents and other writings. Since it is California-based group,
there's a lot of information on Proposition 209. Its major sections include
Multiculturalism and Diversity; Measuring Cultural Merit; Assimilation,
Integration and Separatism and, an annotated Bibliography.