She is a Somali woman of the Majeeteen, a sub-clan of the Daroob, a tribe from
the middle of Somalia. She fled Somalia in 1990 due to the increasing
violence. She currently is president of the Somali Community Information
Center in Britain.
[New interview, Oct. 2001] Under the auspices of the Pentagon, Dr. Kenneth Allard, Colonel, US Army (Ret.) reviewed US military documents,
including classified materials, and wrote Somalia Operations: Lessons
Learned. (National Defense Univ Press, 1995). This after-action review of
the mission has been used to inform future US military operations. Allard
served as Special Assistant to the Chief of Staff (1987-90). He also served
as Technical Advisor for FRONTLINE's "Ambush in Mogadishu."
Dr. Allard currently is a Senior Associate at the Center for Strategic &
International Studies, an Adjunct Professor at Georgetown University, and a military analyst for MSNBC.
Deputy Chief of Mission for the US Embassy, March - July 1993. He compiled the book Learning From Somalia: The Lessons of Armed
Humanitarian Intervention. He is currently Adjunct Professor of Peace
Operations at the US Army's Peacekeeping Institute.
He worked for the Red Cross from 1991-1993 in Somalia and set up a Red Cross
program in Bardera, Somalia after it had been taken over by Aidid. At the
time, there were about 350 people dying daily out of a population of 17,000.
He worked in field hospitals and distributed food aid. He now works in a
hospital in London and, intermittently, for the Red Cross.
He was one of the sector commanders for General Aidid's militia in Mogadishu
on October 3, 1993, with 30 militiamen under his authority. He received
military training in Libya and has had 10 years of fighting experience.
Admiral Howe, a retired four-star Navy Admiral, was the Special
Representative to the UN Secretary General (Boutrous-Ghali) for Somalia. Howe
was also the former Deputy National Security Advisor in the Bush Adminstration.
He currently is President of the Arthur Vining Davis Foundations.
US Senator (R) from Indiana for 18 years, he is the former chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee and a widely acknowledged expert in the area of foreign policy. He supported US intervention in Somalia and criticized the Clinton
administration for not using military force in
Commander of the US Forces and Deputy UN Force Commander, Somalia (March
Now retired from the military, he wrote a comprehensive After-Action Report with the collaboration of other
participants in the Somalia Operation. The report has yet to be declassified.
Chosen by President Bush as Special Presidential Envoy in November 1992, he
was involved in the first phase of US military intervention--offering security
for famine relief operations. In the first weeks of UN intervention
(Operation Restore Hope) Oakley declared a public truce with Ali Mahdi and
Aidid. Oakley returned to Somalia in October 1993 to negotiate a truce with
Aidid and secure the release of captured US Ranger Michael Durant.
Zinni was Director of Operations for UNITAF, November 1992-May 1993. He was also Assistant to the US Special Envoy, Somalia (Ambassador Oakley)
in October 1993 in the negotiations with Aidid for a truce and the release of
captured US Ranger Michael Durant. He is now Commander in Chief, Central Command.