LINKS: WHERE TO EXPLORE MORE ABOUT ENDOCRINE DISRUPTION AND MANMADE CHEMICALS HORMONES AND ENDOCRINE DISRUPTION

Hormones & Endocrine Disruption


Tulane University

Tulane's web site contains a range of information about endocrine disruption such as announcements of new scientific studies, press coverage of the issue, new regulatory actions and a searchable database of more than 1,700 endocrine-related research studies. Information about the endocrine system and human health is also available.


Our Stolen Future

"Our Stolen Future" is the 1996 book that popularized the subject of endocrine disruption. It was written by Theo Colborn, Dianne Dumanoski and John Peterson Myers and published by the Penguin Group. The book's web site contains information about endocrine disruptors plus links to many other web sites.


Breast Cancer Fund

This Web site mentions that one of the potential causes of breast cancer is endocrine-disrupting chemicals. It offers ways to avoid some of these compounds in daily life.

CONFERENCES


1991 Wingspread Conference

In July 1991, a group of 21 scientists gathered at Wingspread in Racine, Wisconsin at the invitation of Theo Colborn, a senior fellow with the World Wildlife Fund, and John Peterson Myers, director of the W. Alton Jones Foundation, Inc. Participants authored what is now known as the Wingspread Statement which is available at this site.


1996 Erice Conference

An international group of scientists and physicians met at a workshop on Nov. 5-10, 1995 in Erice, Italy. They issued a consensus statement May 30, 1996 expressing great concern about the effects of hormone-disrupting chemicals on the brain and central nervous system. That document is now called the Erice Statement.

ENVIRONMENTAL ADVOCATES


Environmental Working Group (EWG)

EWG makes available its research which reports to have found endocrine disrupting chemicals in 12 popular fruits and vegetables, eight baby food products and 16 pesticides. Another part of the web site looks at what EWG calls the industry-supported backlash against the environmental movement.


Greenpeace International

Greenpeace has produced major reports about endocrine disrupting chemicals presented in full on this site. In one study, Greenpeace said it found that soft PVC toys can contain hazardous chemicals that leach out of the toys where they can be ingested by youngsters. Another research report, called "Dishonorable Discharge: The Navy's PCB Poisoning of the Anacostia River," says the river that flows through Washington, D.C is one of the most polluted urban waterways in North America.


National Resource Defense Council

NRDC is one of the major players in the world of endocrine disruption. It studies issues, offers public policies and seeks to implement them through the political process. In one document, NRDC Senior Scientist Gina M. Solomon answers the question: What can we, or should we, do about endocrine disrupting chemicals?


National Wildlife Federation (NWF)

This major environmental group has produced an in-depth report, called "Fertility on the Brink: The Legacy of the Chemical Age," details recent scientific studies showing that hormone-imitating chemicals are building up in animals and humans and disrupting their reproduction, immunity, behavior, and metabolisms. Another study outlines which toxic chemicals are impacting wildlife in the Great Lakes Basin.


World Wildlife Fund of Canada

As part of its coverage of endocrine disruption, the World Wildlife Fund of Canada wrote "The Netsurfer's Guide to Hormone-disrupting Chemicals." You can read a chapter from this on the site - it's titled: "Human-Wildlife Connection: An Overview of Hormone Disrupter Effects on: Immune Function, Reproduction, Cancer, and Behavior."

U.S.-BASED INDUSTRY ADVOCATES


American Chemical Society

The American Chemical Society offers policy statements, meeting
announcements and lobbying alerts at its Web site.


American Crop Protection Association

The ACPA is a leading association and lobbying group for the pesticide industry. While most of the information at this site is only available with a password, the public can read a series of news announcements and association responses to various public events in the news listing.


Chemical Manufacturers Association

One of the chemical industry's main organizations, the CMA's web site offers their statements about endocrine disruption, along with positions on many other issues.


Chlorine Chemistry Council

The Chlorine Chemistry Council was formed in 1993 by the Chemical Manufacturers Association soon after the International Joint Commission's Sixth Biennial Report called for a phase-out of chlorine as an industrial feedstock. The CCC's job is to promote the industry's position in the debate over chlorine chemistry.


Society of the Plastics Industry, Inc.

The Society of the Plastics Industry, Inc. is a trade association of nearly 2,000 members representing all segments of the plastics industry in the United States. Its Web site contains information about SPI's positions on legislation and lobbying. Use the search function to find information about endocrine disruption.

INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS


European Environment Agency

A quasi-governmental agency, the EEA says there is increasing evidence of rising trends of reproductive health problems in wildlife and humans. It calls for an integrated European research and monitoring effort concerning endocrine disrupting chemicals and other potential causes of the illness. Visit this site for a compilation of policy statements.


International Joint Commission (IJC)

The International Joint Commission is an independent bi-national organization created to help prevent disputes over the use of U.S. and Canadian waters shared by both countries It has focused on the need to clean up waste waters from industries and communities that pollute the Great Lakes. The site gives detailed reports about the environmental health of the Great Lakes and suggests policies for correcting the problems.


Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)

The OECD was formed by 29 European nations working together to formulate policies about endocrine disrupters. Its Web site contains a list of high-production-volume chemicals that will be studied for their potential hazards to the environment and the health of the general public and workers.


Swedish Government

Environmentalists might call Sweden's new chemical policy the most advanced in the world. It was presented to the Swedish government in June 1997 by Ms. Anna Lindh, Swedish Minister for the Environment. The 350-page report is called, "Towards a Sustainable Chemicals Policy." An English summary is available by sending an email or mail request to the Swedish Ministry of the Environment.


United Nations Environment Programme

This site describes the United Nations Environment Programme efforts to ban, phase out or limit the production of Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs). POPs are chemical substances that persist in the environment, bioaccumulate through the food web, and may cause adverse effects to human health and the environment. UNEP is considering a ban on the following chemicals and pesticides: aldrin, dieldrin, endrin, chlordane, DDT, heptachlor, hexachlorobenzene, mirex, toxaphene, PCBs, dioxins, and furans.

MISCELLANEOUS


Center for the Study of Environmental Endocrine Effects

The Center's Web site offers selected research about endocrine disruptors, and other documents, in a searchable database. A paper published by the Center in 1995 provides an overview of the issues and the state of scientific knowledge and uncertainties at that time.


The Advancement of Sound Science Coalition (TASSC)

TASSC attacks what it calls "junk science." It maintains bad science is used by personal injury lawyers to shake down deep-pocket businesses; by the "food police" and environmental Chicken Littles to fuel wacky social agendas; by cut-throat businesses to attack competitors; and by slick politicians and overly ambitious scientists to gain personal fame and fortune. This site contains essays supporting TASSC's point of view.


Historic Use of the Precautionary Principle

Dr. John Snow (1813 - 1858) of England is often cited as a prime example of someone who utilized the Precautionary Principle to protect public health. In 1854 Snow mapped the locations of deaths from cholera in London. Suspecting that a Broad Street water pump was the major source of this plague in one neighborhood, Dr. Snow had the water pump handle removed, thus ending a cholera epidemic years before the biological cause was known.

U.S. GOVERNMENTAL AGENCIES


Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ASTDR)

ASTDR announced in April 1996 it will refocus the way it presents children's health issues, because children are probably more susceptible than adults to some of the toxic effects - such as endocrine disruption - of hazardous substances that migrate off Superfund sites. One of the agency's Web pages enables users to search some 1,300 geographic sites in the United States for their hazardous material content.


Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention offers a searchable database offering a wide range of government research about endocrine disruptors.


EPA National Program Office

Congress has directed the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency to set up a screening and testing program to determine which pesticides and chemicals can disrupt the endocrine systems of humans and other animals. The EPA is charged with protecting human health and safeguarding the natural environment. It coordinates federal government scientific research about chemicals, makes available an on-line database about hazardous chemicals produced in various zipcodes, and yearly warns the public about the dangers of eating polluted fish at nearly 2,000 locations.

Links prepared by Gil Davis, an associate with The Center for Investigative Reporting.

 

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